See also: Judge

English edit

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Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

  • enPR: jŭj, IPA(key): /d͡ʒʌd͡ʒ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʌdʒ

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle English juge, jugge, from Old French juge, from Latin iūdex. Displaced native Middle English deme (from Old English dēma (judge)) and demere (from Old English dēmere (judge)), see also deemer, deemster.

Noun edit

judge (plural judges)

  1. A public official whose duty it is to administer the law, especially by presiding over trials and rendering judgments; a justice.
    • 1625, Francis [Bacon], “Of Judicature”, in The Essayes [], 3rd edition, London: [] Iohn Haviland for Hanna Barret, →OCLC:
      The parts of a judge in hearing are four: to direct the evidence; to moderate length, repetition, or impertinency of speech; to recapitulate, select, and collate the material points of that which hath been said; and to give the rule or sentence.
  2. A person who decides the fate of someone or something that has been called into question.
  3. A person officiating at a sports event, a contest, or similar; referee.
    At a boxing match, the decision of the judges is final.
  4. A person who evaluates something or forms an opinion.
    She is a good judge of wine.
    They say he is a poor judge of character considering all the unreliable friends he has made.
  5. (historical, biblical) A shophet, a temporary leader appointed in times of crisis in ancient Israel.
Synonyms edit
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit
  • Assamese: জজ (zoz)
  • Bengali: জজ (joj)
  • → Hindustani:
    Hindi: जज (jaj)
    Urdu: جَج (jaj)
  • Odia: ଜଜ୍ (jôj)
  • Tamil: ஜட்ஜி (jaṭji)
  • Telugu: జడ్జ (jaḍja)
Translations edit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Etymology 2 edit

From Middle English jugen, borrowed from Anglo-Norman juger, from Old French jugier, from Latin iūdicāre. Doublet of judicate.

Mostly displaced native deem.

Verb edit

judge (third-person singular simple present judges, present participle judging, simple past and past participle judged)

  1. (transitive) To sit in judgment on; to pass sentence on (a person or matter).
    A higher power will judge you after you are dead.
  2. (intransitive) To sit in judgment, to act as judge.
    Justices in this country judge without appeal.
  3. (transitive) To judicially rule or determine.
  4. (transitive, obsolete) To sentence to punishment, to judicially condemn.
    He was judged to die for his crimes.
  5. (transitive, obsolete) To award judicially; to adjudge.
  6. (transitive) To form an opinion on; to appraise.
    I judge a man’s character by the cut of his suit.
  7. (transitive, obsolete) To constitute a fitting appraisal or criterion of; to provide a basis for forming an opinion on.
  8. (intransitive) To arbitrate; to pass opinion on something, especially to settle a dispute etc.
    We cannot both be right: you must judge between us.
  9. (transitive) To have as an opinion; to consider, suppose.
    I judge it safe to leave the house once again.
  10. (transitive, intransitive) To form an opinion; to infer.
    I judge from the sky that it might rain later.
  11. (transitive, intransitive) To criticize or label another person or thing; to be judgmental toward.
    • 1993, Aerosmith, Livin' on the Edge:
      There's something wrong with the world today; the light bulb's getting dim.
      There's meltdown in the sky.
      If you can judge a wise man by the color of his skin,
      Mister, you're a better man than I
  12. (transitive, intransitive) To govern as biblical judge or shophet (over some jurisdiction).
Synonyms edit
Derived terms edit
Translations edit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See also edit