From Proto-Baltic *širmas, from *ḱr̥-m-os (with a suffix -m), from Proto-Indo-European *ker-, *ḱer-, *ḱr̥- (gray color), whence also sērsna (frozen snow layer) (q.v.). Cognates include Lithuanian šìrmas, šir̃mas, šir̃vas (gray).[1]


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sirms (def. sirmais, comp. sirmāks, sup. vissirmākais; adv. sirmi)

  1. (of hair, beard, etc) gray (having become grayish white after losing its original color)
    sirmi mati, grumbaina seja‎ ― gray hair, wrinkled face
    sirma bārda‎ ― gray beard
  2. (of people, people's body parts) gray, gray-haired (having gray hair)
    sirms vīrs‎ ― gray-haired man
    sirma galva‎ ― gray head
    sirmi deniņi‎ ― gray temples
  3. (of animals, birds) gray (having a light gray or grayish white color, fur, plumage)
    sirma stirna‎ ― gray doe
    sirma bebrāda‎ ― gray beaver skin, fur
  4. (figuratively) gray, grayish white
    pār Daugavu kūp sirma migla‎ ― over the Daugava (river) a gray fog spreads itself
  5. (figuratively) very old, ancient
    sirms vecums‎ ― old (lit. gray) age
    nodzīvot sirmu mūžu‎ ― to live a long (lit. gray) life
    sirmas majas‎ ― old (lit. gray) houses
    sirmā Rīga‎ ― old (lit. gray) Rīga
    sirma senatne, senatnība‎ ― very distant past, ancient times (lit. gray antiquity)


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  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “sirms”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7