See also: Fur, fur., für, fúr, and fûr

Translingual edit

Symbol edit

fur

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-2 & ISO 639-3 language code for Friulian.

English edit

 
Furs (pelts)

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle English furre, forre, from Anglo-Norman forre, fuerre (a case; sheath), from Frankish *fōdar, from Proto-West Germanic *fōdr, from Proto-Germanic *fōdrą (sheath) (compare Old English fōdor (sheaf), Dutch voering (lining), German Futter (lining), Gothic 𐍆𐍉𐌳𐍂 (fōdr, sheath)), from Proto-Indo-European *peh₂-, *poh₂- (to protect) (compare Lithuanian piemuō (protection), Ancient Greek πῶυ (pôu, flock), πῶμα (pôma, lid), ποιμήν (poimḗn, shepherd), Old Armenian հաւրան (hawran, herd, flock), Northern Kurdish pawan (to watch over), Sanskrit पाति (pāti, he watches, protects).

The verb is from Middle English furren, from Anglo-Norman furrer, forrer, fourrer (to line, stuff, fill), from the noun.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

fur (countable and uncountable, plural furs)

  1. (uncountable) The hairy coat of various mammal species, especially when fine, soft and thick.
  2. (uncountable) The hairy skins of animals used as a material for clothing.
  3. (countable) An animal pelt used to make, trim or line clothing.
    During the colonial period, Britain used Canada as a major source of furs.
  4. (countable) A garment made of fur.
  5. (uncountable) A coating, lining resembling fur in function and/or appearance.
    1. (uncountable) A thick pile of fabric.
    2. (uncountable) The soft, downy covering on the skin of a peach.
    3. (uncountable) The deposit formed on the interior of boilers and other vessels by hard water.
    4. (uncountable) The layer of epithelial debris on a tongue.
  6. (countable) (heraldry) One of several patterns or diapers used as tinctures, such as ermine and vair.
  7. (hunting, uncountable) Rabbits and hares, as opposed to partridges and pheasants (called feathers).
  8. (countable) A furry; a member of the furry subculture.
    • 2006, Shari Caudron, Who Are You People?:
      "You want to know what brings furries together?" she asks. "Furs are here because they don't fit in anywhere else. For real furs, this is the only place they feel comfortable."
  9. (informal, uncountable) Human body hair, especially when abundant.
  10. (vulgar, slang, uncountable) Pubic hair.
  11. (vulgar, slang, uncountable) Sexual attractiveness.
Derived terms edit
Translations edit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb edit

fur (third-person singular simple present furs, present participle furring, simple past and past participle furred)

  1. (transitive) To cover with fur or a fur-like coating.
  2. (intransitive) To become covered with fur or a fur-like coating.
    • 2015, Tom Michell, The Penguin Lessons:
      The college water supply was practically undrinkable because of its salinity and the pipes furred up so rapidly that they had to be replaced every few years.
  3. (transitive, construction) To level a surface by applying furring to it.
    Synonym: fur out
Derived terms edit
Translations edit

Etymology 2 edit

Conjunction edit

fur

  1. Pronunciation spelling of for.

Preposition edit

fur

  1. Pronunciation spelling of for.
    • 1849 May – 1850 November, Charles Dickens, “The Beginning of a Longer Journey”, in The Personal History of David Copperfield, London: Bradbury & Evans, [], published 1850, →OCLC, page 516:
      A’most the moment as she lighted heer, all so desolate, she found (as she believed) a friend; a decent woman as spoke to her about the needle-work as she had been brought up to do, about finding plenty of it fur her, about a lodging fur the night, and making secret inquiration concerning of me and all at home, to-morrow.

Anagrams edit

Aromanian edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Vulgar Latin fūrō, from Latin fūror. Compare Romanian fura, fur.

Alternative forms edit

Verb edit

fur first-singular present indicative (third-person singular present indicative furã, past participle furatã)

  1. to steal
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Latin fūr. Compare archaic Daco-Romanian fur.

Alternative forms edit

Noun edit

fur m (plural furi)

  1. thief, robber
Synonyms edit

Catalan edit

Etymology edit

From Old Catalan for, from Latin forum. Doublet of fòrum, a learned borrowing.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

fur m (plural furs)

  1. (law) fuero

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

Dalmatian edit

Verb edit

fur

  1. Alternative form of facro

Conjugation edit

French edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Latin forum.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

fur m (plural not attested)

  1. Only used in au fur et à mesure (to an equitable extent)

Further reading edit

Latin edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Italic *fōr, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰṓr, from the root *bʰer- (to carry) (see ferō). Cognate with Ancient Greek φώρ (phṓr).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

fūr m or f (genitive fūris); third declension

  1. A thief

Declension edit

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative fūr fūrēs
Genitive fūris fūrum
Dative fūrī fūribus
Accusative fūrem fūrēs
Ablative fūre fūribus
Vocative fūr fūrēs

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

References edit

  • fur”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • fur”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • fur in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • fur in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • fur”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers

Old Dutch edit

Alternative forms edit

Preposition edit

fur

  1. for

References edit

Polish edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /fur/
  • Rhymes: -ur
  • Syllabification: fur

Noun edit

fur f

  1. genitive plural of fura

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Latin fūr, from Proto-Italic *fōr, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰṓr, from the root *bʰer- (to carry).

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

fur

  1. first-person singular present indicative/subjunctive of fura

Noun edit

fur m (plural furi)

  1. (archaic) thief
    Synonyms: hoț, bandit

Related terms edit

Somali edit

Verb edit

fur

  1. open

Swedish edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

fur c (uncountable)

  1. pinewood
  2. (archaic) pine tree (in some areas chiefly about old trees)

Synonyms edit

  • (wood): furu
  • (tree): tall (if a distinction is made between this and "fur", this will be used about younger trees), fura

Related terms edit

Anagrams edit

Welsh edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

fur

  1. Soft mutation of mur.

Mutation edit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
mur fur unchanged unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.