stramen

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *strōmen, from Proto-Indo-European *stérh₃mn̥, from the root *sterh₃- (to spread, scatter, strew) +‎ *-mn̥ (deverbal abstract noun–forming suffix); equivalent to the root of sternō (I spread, bestrew) +‎ -men. Cognate with Sanskrit स्तरिमन् (stariman, that which is strewn; bedding, bedclothes, bed, couch), स्तरीमन् (stárīman, strewing, spreading) and Ancient Greek στρῶμα (strôma, bedding, bedclothes). For the root, compare English strew, straw and Latin storea, strāges and torus.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

strāmen n (genitive strāminis); third declension

  1. litter (straw for bedding)

DeclensionEdit

Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative strāmen strāmina
Genitive strāminis strāminum
Dative strāminī strāminibus
Accusative strāmen strāmina
Ablative strāmine strāminibus
Vocative strāmen strāmina

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Italian: strame

ReferencesEdit

  • stramen”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • stramen”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • stramen in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • stramen in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette