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See also: Sterno, ŝterno, and sterno-



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From Ancient Greek στέρνον (stérnon, chest, breastbone, heart).



sterno m (plural sterni)

  1. (anatomy) breastbone, sternum

Derived termsEdit




From Proto-Italic *stornō, from Proto-Indo-European *str̥-n-h₃-, n-infix present of the root *sterh₃-. Cognate with Sanskrit आस्तॄ (āstṝ, spread), Avestan 𐬯𐬙𐬆𐬭𐬆𐬥𐬁𐬌𐬙𐬌 (stərənāiti, spread, extend), Ancient Greek στόρνυμι (stórnumi, scatter), στρατός (stratós, army, people, body of men), Old English strewian (English strew), Old Norse strá.



sternō (present infinitive sternere, perfect active strāvī, supine strātum); third conjugation

  1. (transitive) I spread, stretch out, spread out.
  2. (transitive, rare) I calm, still, moderate.
  3. (transitive) I cover, spread with, scatter with, bestrew with, besprinkle.
    1. (transitive, of a road, path) I pave, cover.
  4. (transitive) I stretch on the ground, cast down, strike down, prostrate.
    • ca. 13th century, O Fortuna, lines 34-36
      Quod per sortem sternit fortem, mecum omnes plangite!
      Since fate strikes the strong man down, everyone, weep with me!
    1. (transitive, by extension) I knock to the ground, demolish, raze, level, flatten.


   Conjugation of sterno (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sternō sternis sternit sternimus sternitis sternunt
imperfect sternēbam sternēbās sternēbat sternēbāmus sternēbātis sternēbant
future sternam sternēs sternet sternēmus sternētis sternent
perfect strāvī strāvistī strāvit strāvimus strāvistis strāvērunt, strāvēre
pluperfect strāveram strāverās strāverat strāverāmus strāverātis strāverant
future perfect strāverō strāveris strāverit strāverimus strāveritis strāverint
passive present sternor sterneris, sternere sternitur sternimur sterniminī sternuntur
imperfect sternēbar sternēbāris, sternēbāre sternēbātur sternēbāmur sternēbāminī sternēbantur
future sternar sternēris, sternēre sternētur sternēmur sternēminī sternentur
perfect strātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect strātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect strātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sternam sternās sternat sternāmus sternātis sternant
imperfect sternerem sternerēs sterneret sternerēmus sternerētis sternerent
perfect strāverim strāverīs strāverit strāverīmus strāverītis strāverint
pluperfect strāvissem strāvissēs strāvisset strāvissēmus strāvissētis strāvissent
passive present sternar sternāris, sternāre sternātur sternāmur sternāminī sternantur
imperfect sternerer sternerēris, sternerēre sternerētur sternerēmur sternerēminī sternerentur
perfect strātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect strātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sterne sternite
future sternitō sternitō sternitōte sternuntō
passive present sternere sterniminī
future sternitor sternitor sternuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives sternere strāvisse strātūrus esse sternī strātus esse strātum īrī
participles sternēns strātūrus strātus sternendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
sternere sternendī sternendō sternendum strātum strātū

Derived termsEdit



  • sterno in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • sterno in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • sterno” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to pave a road: viam sternere (silice, saxo)
    • to saddle a horse: sternere equum
    • (ambiguous) to prostrate oneself before a person: ad pedes alicuius iacēre, stratum esse (stratum iacēre)
  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0195083458

Old High GermanEdit