See also: stundā and štunda




stunda (weak verb, third-person singular past indicative stundaði, supine stundað)

  1. (transitive, with accusative) to pursue, to practice, to study
  2. (transitive, with accusative) to frequent, to visit often


Derived termsEdit



  1. indefinite genitive plural of stund



A borrowing, traditionally described as from Middle Low German stunde (hour), since this form is found in the earliest attestations. But some authors argue that these early attestations are found only in some dialects, and that later competing forms (stunds, stunda) might correspond to earlier competing variants, which suggests that this word already existed in Latvian prior to Middle Low German influece. This would mean that it was previously borrowed from another Germanic language (possibly Gothic, or maybe Old High German or Old Norse). The current form stunda became stabilizied at the beginning of the 18th century.[1]


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stunda f (4th declension)

  1. hour (a time period of 60 seconds)
    gaidīt veselu stunduto wait for a whole hour
    nokavēties par stunduto be late by an hour
    stundas ceturksnisa quarter of an hour
    septiņu stundu darba dienaa seven-hour workday
  2. hour (relatively short period in a day, often associated with an event, activity, or situation)
    rīta stundamorning hour
    klusā stundaquiet hour (e.g., at a hospital)
    policijas, komandantas stundacurfew (literally: commandant's, police hour)
    kurp iesi tik agrā stundā?where are you going at this late hour?
    viņa stunda ir situsihis hour has come (= he will die)
  3. lesson (period of time in which a class takes place, especially at an educational institution)
    matemātikas stundamath lesson, class
    cikos skolā sākas stundas?at what time do classes start at school?
    (sa)gatavot stunduto prepare a lesson
    atstāt pēc stundāmto keep (someone) after class
    ņemt stundasto take lessons


Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992) , “stunda”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN

Norwegian BokmålEdit

Alternative formsEdit


stunda m or f

  1. definite feminine singular of stund

Norwegian NynorskEdit


stunda f

  1. definite singular of stund

Old EnglishEdit



  1. plural of stund.