Borrowed from Latin synecdochē, from Ancient Greek συνεκδοχή (sunekdokhḗ, “receiving together”) from σύν (sún, “with”) + ἐκ (ek, “out of”) + δέχεσθαι (dékhesthai, “to accept”), this last element related to δοκέω (dokéō, “to think, suppose, seem”).
- (rhetoric) A figure of speech that uses the name of a part of something to represent the whole, or the whole to represent a part.
- 2002, Christopher Hitchens, "Martin Amis: Lightness at Midnight", The Atlantic, Sep 2002:
- "Holocaust" can become a tired synecdoche for war crimes in general.
- 2017 May 17, Dorian Lynskey, “The 20-year-old black mirror that reflects the world today”, in BBC.com Culture:
- Perhaps being in a touring band was, to Yorke, a synecdoche for the modern condition: disorientation, alienation, rootlessness, exhaustion, lack of control, occasional derangement, constant motion.
- (rhetoric) The use of this figure of speech.
- Synonym: synecdochy
figure of speech that uses the name of a part of something to represent the whole