From Middle French métaphore, from Latin metaphora, from Ancient Greek μεταφορά (metaphorá), from μεταφέρω (metaphérō, “I transfer, apply”), from μετά (metá, “with, across, after”) + φέρω (phérō, “I bear, carry”)
- (UK) IPA(key): /ˈmɛt.ə.fɔː(ɹ)/
- (US) IPA(key): /ˈmɛt.ə.fɔ(ə)ɹ/
- (US, rare) IPA(key): /ˈme.tə.fɚ/
Audio (US) (file) Audio (UK) (file)
- Hyphenation: meta‧phor
- Rhymes: -ɔː(ɹ)
- (uncountable and countable, rhetoric) The use of a word or phrase to refer to something that it is not, invoking a direct similarity between the word or phrase used and the thing described (but in the case of English without the words like or as, since use of those words would imply a simile); the word or phrase used in this way; an implied comparison.
- 1874, John Seely Hart, First Lessons in Composition, page 92,
- A Metaphor may be changed into a Simile, and also into plain language, containing neither metaphor nor simile. Thus:
- Metaphor. — Idleness is the rust of the soul.
- Simile. — As rust is to iron, so is idleness to the soul, taking away its strength and power of resistance.
- Plain. — Idleness takes away from the soul its strength and power of resistance.
- 1979, Daniel Breazeale (translator), Friedrich Nietzsche, On Truth and Lies in a Nonmoral Sense [1873, Über Wahrheit und Lüge im außermoralischen Sinn], in Philosophy and Truth, page 84, quoted in 1998, Ian Markham, Truth and the Reality of God: An Essay in Natural Theology, page 103,
- What then is truth? A movable host of metaphors, metonymies, and anthropomorphisms: in short, a sum of human relations which have been poetically and rhetorically intensified, transferred, and embellished, and which, after long usage, seems to a people to be fixed, canonical, and binding. Truths are illusions which we have forgotten are illusions; they are metaphors that have become worn out and have been drained of sensuous force, coins which have lost their embossing and are now considered as metal and no longer as coins.
- 2013, Eileen Cornell Way, Knowledge Representation and Metaphor, page 157:
- The next group of computational approaches to metaphor assume that metaphor is basically a hidden analogy.
- (countable, graphical user interface) The use of an everyday object or concept to represent an underlying facet of the computer and thus aid users in performing tasks.
- desktop metaphor; wastebasket metaphor
uncountable: figure of speech
countable: word or phrase used in metaphor
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