synod (plural synods)
- An ecclesiastic council or meeting to consult on church matters.
- An administrative division of churches, either the entire denomination, as in the Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod, or a mid-level division (middle judicatory, district) as in the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America
- An assembly or council having civil authority; a legislative body.
- c. 1594, William Shakespeare, “The Comedie of Errors”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act I, scene i]:
- It hath in solemn synods been decreed.
- 1700, John Dryden, Iliad
- Parent of gods and men, propitious Jove! And you, bright synod of the powers above.
- 1667, John Milton, “Book 6”, in Paradise Lost. A Poem Written in Ten Books, London: Printed [by Samuel Simmons], and are to be sold by Peter Parker […] [a]nd by Robert Boulter […] [a]nd Matthias Walker, […], OCLC 228722708; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: The Text Exactly Reproduced from the First Edition of 1667: […], London: Basil Montagu Pickering […], 1873, OCLC 230729554:
- A third part of the Gods, in synod met
- Their deities to assert; who, while they feel
- Vigour divine within them, can allow
- Omnipotence to none.
- (astronomy) A conjunction of two or more of the heavenly bodies.
Usage differs between different churches – see uses in different Communions.
ecclesiastic council or meeting
- synod (an ecclesiastic council or meeting to consult on church matters)