Ultimately from Iranian[1], such as Persian ترسا(tarsâ, heretic; Christian or fire-worshiper)[2], doublet of tərsa. According to Doerfer, this is plausible because the oldest sense found in Turkic texts was in religious contexts, too.

Cognate with Old Uyghur [script needed] (ters, adverse; difficult), Chagatai ترس‎, Turkish ters, Turkmen ters (incorrect, uneven, inverse), Bashkir тиреҫ (tireθ, north), Kyrgyz тескей (teskey, northern slope), and Uzbek terskay (northern slope; opposite).

Also from Turkic: Mongolian тэрс (ters), Kalmyk терс (ters) (← Old Uighur), North Levantine Arabic ترس‎, Northern Kurdish ters (←Ottoman), Armenian թարս (tʿars) (←Ottoman/Azerbajiani).

Räsänen puts tärs together with forms belonging under Proto-Turkic *teŕ-, Common Turkic *tezek (dung)[3], which is probably incorrect.


tərs (comparative daha tərs, superlative ən tərs)

  1. opposite, contrary (causing movement in the opposite direction)
  2. (mathematics) invers
  3. back (near the rear)
  4. stubborn



  1. inside out (with the inside turned to be on the outside)
    Sviterini yenə tərs geymisən?Did you put on your sweater inside out again?
  2. back to front
  3. sideways, wrong, bad


tərs (definite accusative tərsi, plural tərslər)

  1. reverse (the opposite of something)
  2. inside (of a garment)
    Synonym: astar
  3. a stubborn or obstinate person

Derived termsEdit


  1. ^ Sanžejev, G. D.; Orlovskaja, M. N.; Ševernina, Z. V. (2015–) Etimologičeskij slovarʹ mongolʹskix jazykov: v 3 t. [Etymological dictionary of Mongolic languages: in 3 vols.] (in Russian), volume III, Moscow: Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, page 164
  2. ^ Doerfer, Gerhard (1967) Türkische und mongolische Elemente im Neupersischen [Turkic and Mongolian Elements in New Persian] (Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur: Veröffentlichungen der Orientalischen Kommission; 20) (in German), volume III, Wiesbaden: Franz Steiner Verlag, § 880, pages 474–475
  3. ^ Räsänen, Martti (1969) Versuch eines etymologischen Wörterbuchs der Türksprachen (in German), Helsinki: Suomalais-ugrilainen seura, page 476a

Further readingEdit

  • tərs” in