run cầm cập (“to shiver chattering one's teeth”, onset ⟨c⟩; pseudo-rhymes ⟨âm⟩ and ⟨âp⟩)
- (Hà Nội) IPA(key): [tɨ˨˩ laj˧˦]
- (Huế) IPA(key): [tɨ˦˩ laj˨˩˦]
- (Hồ Chí Minh City) IPA(key): [tɨ˨˩ la(ː)j˦˥]
- (linguistics) a reduplicative, a multisyllabic word (typically onomatopoeic or ideophonic) whose syllables are repeated wholely from a root (từ láy toàn bộ) or share either an onset consonant, a rhyme, and/or a "pseudo-rhyme" featuring homorganic consonants (từ láy bộ phận); all or some (in which case, the one meaningful syllable tend to sound more concrete or certain than its từ láy counterpart) of such syllables are often meaningless on their own; such a word typically expresses a sense of pattern, repetitiveness, continuity, downplaying, dismissal, softening or uncertainty; compare English chit-chat, hocus-pocus, etc.
Usage notes edit
- In teaching, từ láy is frequently stressed as being different from từ ghép (“compound word”) in that the syllables of từ láy tend to lack lexical meaning.
- Not to be confused with:
- Compounds of synonymous elements such as rừng rú (“forests”) which, of course, consist of meaningful syllables.
- Compounds of "pseudo-/quasi-synonymous" elements that just happen to share sounds such as mặt mày (“expression; look”, literally “face and brows”), mặt mũi (“face”, literally “face and nose”), lí lẽ (“sensibility”, literally “sensibility and reasoning”), lời lẽ (“reasoning”, literally “words and reasoning”).