từ láy

See also: tulay and Tülay

VietnameseEdit

Examples

run cầm cập (to shiver chattering one's teeth, onset /k/; pseudo-rhymes /ə̆m/ and /ə̆p/)
đôm đốp (with an insolent tone, onset /ɗ/; pseudo-rhymes /om/ and /op/)
phành phạch (with loud flapping sound, onset /f/; pseudo-rhymes /ăi̯ŋ/ and /ăi̯k/)
thum thủm (kind of smelly like a fart, onset /tʰ/; rhyme /um/)
gật gù (to continually nod, onset /ɣ/)
gật gà gật gù (to struggle to stay awake, onset /ɣ/)
ì ạch (inertial, onset /ʔ/)
hay ho, hay hớm (exciting and stuff, onset /h/)
thở hổn hển (to pant, onset /h/)
khù kh (too socially inept, onset /x/)
dập dềnh (in a wavy, oscillating way, onset /z/)
êm đềm (continuously calm or uneventful, rhyme /em/)
bàng bạc (silvery, onset /ɓ/; pseudo-rhymes /aŋ/ and /ak/)
bờm xờm (shaggy, rhyme /əm/)

EtymologyEdit

From từ (word) +‎ láy (to be a từ láy; to make repetitive sound).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

từ láy

  1. (linguistics) a reduplicative, a multisyllabic word (typically onomatopoeic or ideophonic) whose syllables are repeated wholely from a root (từ láy toàn bộ) or share either an onset consonant, a rhyme, and/or a "pseudo-rhyme" featuring homorganic consonants (từ láy bộ phận); all or some (in which case, the one meaningful syllable tend to sound more concrete or certain than its từ láy counterpart) of such syllables are often meaningless on their own; such a word typically expresses a sense of pattern, repetitiveness, continuity, downplaying, dismissal, softening or uncertainty; compare English chit-chat, hocus-pocus, etc.

Usage notesEdit

  • In teaching, từ láy is frequently stressed as being different from từ ghép (compound word) in that the syllables of từ láy tend to lack lexical meaning.
  • Not to be confused with:
    • Compounds of synonymous elements such as rừng rú (forests) which, of course, consist of meaningful syllables.
    • Compounds of "pseudo-/quasi-synonymous" elements that just happen to share sounds such as mặt mày (expression; look, literally face and brows), mặt mũi (face, literally face and nose), lí lẽ (sensibility, literally sensibility and reasoning), lời lẽ (reasoning, literally words and reasoning).

See alsoEdit