English edit

Etymology edit

From on- +‎ set. Compare Old English onsettan (to impose; oppress, bear down).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

onset (plural onsets)

  1. (archaic) An attack; an assault especially of an army.
    Synonym: storming
  2. (medicine) The initial phase of a disease or condition, in which symptoms first become apparent.
    the onset of schizophrenia
    • 2022 December 28, Paul Stephen, “Network News: Adrian Shooter CBE: rail industry mourns "a great man"”, in RAIL, number 973, page 6:
      Widely credited as an early pioneer of the modern railway, Shooter died peacefully of his own choosing in Switzerland on December 13, having bravely lived with the onset of motor neurone disease in the final years of his life.
  3. (phonology) The initial portion of a syllable, preceding the syllable nucleus.
    Hypernym: anlaut
    Holonym: syllable
    Coordinate terms: nucleus, coda, rhyme
  4. (acoustics) The beginning of a musical note or other sound, in which the amplitude rises from zero to an initial peak.
  5. A setting about; a beginning.
    Synonyms: start, beginning; see also Thesaurus:beginning
    the onset of puberty
    • 1625, Francis [Bacon], “Of Delays”, in The Essayes [], 3rd edition, London: [] Iohn Haviland for Hanna Barret, →OCLC:
      There is surely no greater wisdom than well to time the beginnings and onsets of things.
    • 2013 June 29, “High and wet”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8842, page 28:
      Floods in northern India, mostly in the small state of Uttarakhand, have wrought disaster on an enormous scale. The early, intense onset of the monsoon on June 14th swelled rivers, washing away roads, bridges, hotels and even whole villages. Rock-filled torrents smashed vehicles and homes, burying victims under rubble and sludge.
  6. (obsolete) Anything added, such as an ornament or as a useful appendage.

Derived terms edit

Translations edit

Verb edit

onset (third-person singular simple present onsets, present participle onsetting, simple past and past participle onset)

  1. (obsolete) To assault; to set upon.
  2. (obsolete) To set about; to begin.

References edit

Anagrams edit

Aragonese edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /onˈset/
  • Rhymes: -et
  • Syllabification: on‧set

Noun edit

onset m (plural onsetz)

  1. bear cub, bearlet

Related terms edit