See also: cèrtain

Contents

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English certain, certein, from Old French certain, from Vulgar Latin unattested form *certānus, extended form of Latin certus(fixed, resolved, certain), of the same origin as cretus, past participle of cernere(to separate, perceive, decide). Displaced native Middle English wis, iwis(certain, sure) (from Old English, ġewiss(certain, sure) and alternative Middle English spelling sertane(some, certain)

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

 
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certain ‎(comparative more certain, superlative most certain)

  1. Sure, positive, not doubting.
    I was certain of my decision.
  2. (obsolete) Determined; resolved.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Milton
      However, I with thee have fixed my lot, / Certain to undergo like doom.
  3. Not to be doubted or denied; established as a fact.
    • Bible, Dan. ii. 45
      The dream is certain, and the interpretation thereof sure.
  4. Actually existing; sure to happen; inevitable.
    Bankruptcy is the certain outcome of your constant gambling and lending.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Dryden
      Virtue that directs our ways / Through certain dangers to uncertain praise.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Shakespeare
      Death, as the Psalmist saith, is certain to all.
  5. Unfailing; infallible.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Mead
      I have often wished that I knew as certain a remedy for any other distemper.
  6. Fixed or stated; regular; determinate.
    • Bible, Ex. xvi. 4
      The people go out and gather a certain rate every day.
  7. Not specifically named; indeterminate; indefinite; one or some; sometimes used independently as a noun, and meaning certain persons; see also "one".
    • Bible, Luke v. 12
      It came to pass when he was in a certain city.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Macaulay
      About everything he wrote there was a certain natural grace and decorum.

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

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DeterminerEdit

certain

  1. Having been determined but not specified. The quality of some particular subject or object which is known by the speaker to have been specifically singled out among similar entities of its class.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 3, in The Mirror and the Lamp[1]:
      One saint's day in mid-term a certain newly appointed suffragan-bishop came to the school chapel, and there preached on “The Inner Life.”
    Certain people are good at running.

TranslationsEdit

PronounEdit

certain

  1. (with of) Unnamed or undescribed members (of).
    There where serious objections to certain of the proposals.
    • Bible, Acts xxiii. 12
      Certain of the Jews banded together.

SynonymsEdit

  • (unnamed or undescribed members (of)): some

NounEdit

certain pl ‎(plural only)

  1. (with "the") Something certain.

StatisticsEdit

Most common English words before 1923: often · themselves · half · #269: certain · sent · keep · myself

External linksEdit

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French certain, from Vulgar Latin unattested form *certānus, extended form of Latin certus(fixed, resolved, certain).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

certain m ‎(feminine singular certaine, masculine plural certains, feminine plural certaines)

  1. certain (sure, positive)
    Il est certain qu'il viendra.
    It is certain that he will arrive.
  2. certain (fixed, determined)
  3. certain (specified, particular)

NounEdit

certain m ‎(plural certains)

  1. certain; certainty

DeterminerEdit

certain

  1. certain: a determined but unspecified amount of ; some
    Certaines personnes vont aller.
    Some people are going.

Related termsEdit

AnagramsEdit

External linksEdit


Old FrenchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

certain m ‎(oblique and nominative feminine singular certaine)

  1. certain; sure

SynonymsEdit

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit