From Middle English tenden, from Old English tendan (“to kindle, set on fire”) (usually in compounds ātendan, fortendan, ontendan), from Proto-Germanic *tandijaną (“to kindle”), of unknown origin. Cognate with Danish tænde (“to kindle”), Swedish tända (“to kindle”), Gothic 𐍄𐌰𐌽𐌳𐌾𐌰𐌽 (tandjan, “to kindle”), Icelandic tendra (“to ignite”), German zünden (“to light, ignite, fire”). Related to tinder.
- (law, Old English law) To make a tender of; to offer or tender.
- (followed by a to infinitive) To be likely, or probable to do something, or to have a certain characteristic. [from the mid-14th c.]
- They tend to go out on Saturdays.
- It tends to snow here in winter.
- In sense 2. this is a catenative verb that takes the to infinitive.
- See Appendix:English catenative verbs
- (with to) To look after (e.g. an ill person.) [from the early 14th c.]
- We need to tend to the garden, which has become a mess.
- To accompany as an assistant or protector; to care for the wants of; to look after; to watch; to guard.
- Shepherds tend their flocks.
- There's not a sparrow or a wren, / There's not a blade of autumn grain, / Which the four seasons do not tend / And tides of life and increase lend.
- To wait (upon), as attendants or servants; to serve; to attend.
- Was he not companion with the riotous knights / That tend upon my father?
- (obsolete) To await; to expect.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
- (obsolete) To be attentive to; to note carefully; to attend to.
- Being to descend / A ladder much in height, I did not tend / My way well down.
- (transitive, nautical) To manage (an anchored vessel) when the tide turns, to prevent it from entangling the cable when swinging.
- (to look after): care for, minister to, nurse, see to, take care of
- (to accompany as an assistant): guard, look after, watch
- (to wait upon): See also Thesaurus:serve
- (to await): See also Thesaurus:wait for
- (to be attentive to): attend to
- (to manage when the tide turns):
- tend in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
- tend in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
- tend at OneLook Dictionary Search
From Proto-Albanian *tend-, from Proto-Indo-European *ten-d- (“to distend; draw, stretch (out)”). Cognate to Latin tendo (“to stretch (out), strain”). Present dendë with assimilation of the anlaut.
- ^ Albanische Etymologien (Untersuchungen zum albanischen Erbwortschatz), Bardhyl Demiraj, Leiden Studies in Indo-European 7; Amsterdam - Atlanta 1997, p.129