Contents

IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (Galway) IPA(key): /ˈt̪ˠɑːɾˠl̪ˠə/

Etymology 1Edit

New formation to the past tense tharla(happened), from Old Irish do·rala, ·tarla(happened; put (past tense)) (suppletive preterite of do·cuirethar), from to- + ro- + Proto-Celtic *layo-, from Proto-Indo-European *leh₁-(let, leave) (Latin lētum(death); Old Church Slavonic лѣнъ(lěnŭ, lazy); Hittite [script needed](laizzi, lets); Lithuanian liáutis(stop); Gothic 𐌻𐌴𐍅𐌾𐌰𐌽(lēwjan, betray), 𐌻𐌴𐍅(lēw, opportunity, cause)). Compare Scottish Gaelic tàrlaidh.

Alternative formsEdit

VerbEdit

tarlaigh (defective, present analytic tarlaíonn, past analytic tharla, verbal noun tarlú)

  1. to happen, befall, occur
ConjugationEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From the verbal noun tarlú(haulage), from earlier tarlódh.

Alternative formsEdit

VerbEdit

tarlaigh (present analytic tarlaíonn, future analytic tarlóidh, verbal noun tarlú, past participle tarlaithe)

  1. to haul, drag
  2. to draw (up, out; pull)
  3. to transport
ConjugationEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
tarlaigh tharlaigh dtarlaigh
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

  • Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1, page 235
  • do·cuirethar” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • tarlód” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • “tarla” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 1927, by Patrick S. Dinneen., “tárluighim” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 1927, by Patrick S. Dinneen.
  • “tarlaidhim” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 1927, by Patrick S. Dinneen., “tarlódh” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 1927, by Patrick S. Dinneen.
  • "tarlaigh" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.