EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English to-, from Old English tō-, te- (apart, away), from Proto-Germanic *twiz- (apart, in two), from Proto-Indo-European *dwis- (two-ways, in twain).

PrefixEdit

to-

  1. (no longer productive) apart, away, asunder, in pieces; expressing separation, negation, or intensity[1].
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From to.

PrefixEdit

to-

  1. (rare, dialectal or no longer productive) to, toward, at, or on (this).
    today
    to-year
    tonight
    together
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Whitney, The Century dictionary and cyclopedia, to-

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


Classical NahuatlEdit

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

to-

Etymology 1Edit

  1. (personal prefix, possessive) Used to form the first-person plural possessive of nouns: our. Can combine with relational words to form relational adverbs.
    nāntzintli (mother)tonāntzin (our mother)
    calli (house)tocal (our house)
    -tlōc (beside)totlōc (beside us)

Derived termsEdit

Category Classical Nahuatl nouns prefixed with to- not found

Etymology 2Edit

  1. (personal prefix, reflexive) Used to form the first-person plural reflexive of transitive verbs: ourselves. May also indicate reciprocity between the 1st person party: we ____ each other. For certain verbs, this imparts an intransitive sense rather than a strictly reflexive one.
    titītza (to stretch something)titotitītzah (We stretch (ourselves))
    itta (to see something)titottah (We see ourselves, We look at each other)
    tolīnia (to bother someone, to make suffer)titotolīniah (We suffer, We are bothered)

Usage notesEdit

As with the other reflexive prefixes and tla-, this prefixes causes deletion of initial i in verbs such as itta or ilpia, with the exception of verbs beginning with ih- such as ihquiti.

See alsoEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From to (in the direction of), from Old English .

Alternative formsEdit

PrefixEdit

to-

  1. Affixed to verbs and verb inflections to impart a sense of motion, directionality and/or extension.
  2. Affixed to adjectives, adverbs and prepositions to impart a sense of approach, extension and/or proximity.
  3. (rare) Affixed to nouns to impart a sense of motion, directionality and/or extension.
Derived termsEdit
Verbs and inflections formed with to-
Adjectives, adverbs and prepositions formed with to-
Nouns formed with to-
DescendantsEdit
  • English: to-

ReferencesEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old English tō-, te- (apart, asunder).

Alternative formsEdit

PrefixEdit

to-

  1. Appended to verbs and nouns to impart a sense of separation and/or departure.
  2. Appended to verbs and nouns to intensify or emphasise the meaning.
Derived termsEdit
Verbs and inflections formed with to-
Nouns formed with to-
DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Old EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *twiz-, from Proto-Indo-European *dwís. Cognate with Old Frisian ti-, te-, Old Saxon te-, Old High German zi-, zir-, zar-, zur- (German zer-), Gothic 𐌳𐌹𐍃- (dis-), and with Latin dis-.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈtoː/ (as a nominal prefix)
  • IPA(key): /toː/ (as a verbal prefix)

PrefixEdit

tō-

  1. verbal prefix with a sense of "in pieces, apart, asunder", or with intensive force
    tefeallan, tōfeallanto fall apart
    titwǣman, tōtwǣmanto separate
    tetorfian, tōtorfianto toss about
  2. used to form substantives from other nouns
    tōtalureputation
    tōsprǣċconversation

Usage notesEdit

  • The prefix has two basic forms: stressed (tō-) and unstressed (te-, ti-). Originally, the unstressed formed verbs, and the stressed formed other derivatives (nouns, adverbs, etc). This distinction was blurred in later Old English where the stressed form came to be used for both.

Derived termsEdit


Old IrishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • do- (pretonic form)

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *tu-.

PrefixEdit

to- (pretonic do-)

  1. prefix used to create verbs and associated verbal nouns

Usage notesEdit

  • Verbs whose deuterotonic forms begin with this prefix followed by a stressed vowel are permitted to use prototonic forms even when normally a deuterotonic form would be used (i.e. in independent or relative position). For example:
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 30d11
      Tánicc aimser mo idbarte-se.The time of offering me has come. (preterite of do·icc: prototonic tánicc used instead of deuterotonic do·ánicc)

Derived termsEdit


Old SaxonEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *tō.

PrefixEdit

to-

  1. Creates words with a sense of ‘towards, to, against’
    tōdōn (to add; to close)
    tōheftian (to fix)
    tōhlinon (to lean against)
    tōhnēgian (to neigh towards)
    tōrūnon (to whisper)
    tōsprekan (to speak with, discuss, talk to)
    tōstōtan (to push, thrust)
    tōward (future)
    tōwardes (near)
    tōwardig (near)
    tōwendian (to turn towards)

Derived termsEdit

Category Old Saxon words prefixed with to- not found

TernateEdit

PronounEdit

to-

  1. First-person singular proclitic, I
    Ngori tosonyinga moju ngana na demo se ngori.I still remember your words to me.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001). A Descriptive Study of the Language of Ternate, the Northern Moluccas, Indonesia. University of Pittsburgh.

WiyotEdit

PronunciationEdit

PreverbEdit

to-

  1. The definite article: the

ReferencesEdit

  • Karl V. Teeter (1964) The Wiyot Language, University of California press, page 95

WolioEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *taʀ-.

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

to-

  1. marks the impersonal passive of transitive verbs
    tobawa (to be brought)
  2. forms verbs expressing involuntary action
    tole'e (to urinate)

ReferencesEdit

  • Anceaux, Johannes C. 1988. The Wolio Language. Dordrecht: Foris.