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EnglishEdit

 
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Alternative formsEdit

  • rig (dialectal)

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English rigge, rygge, (also rig, ryg, rug), from Old English hryċġ (back, spine, ridge, elevated surface), from Proto-Germanic *hrugjaz (back), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kreuk-, *(s)ker- (to turn, bend). Cognate with Scots rig (back, spine, ridge), North Frisian reg (back), West Frisian rêch (back), Dutch rug (back, ridge), German Rücken (back, ridge), Swedish rygg (back, spine, ridge), Icelandic hryggur (spine). Cognate to Albanian kërrus (to bend one's back) and kurriz (back).

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ɹɪdʒ/
  • Rhymes: -ɪdʒ
  • (file)

NounEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
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ridge (plural ridges)

  1. (anatomy) The back of any animal; especially the upper or projecting part of the back of a quadruped.
    • 1663–1678, Samuel Butler, Hudibras, part III, canto I, pages 91–92:
      He though it was no time to ſtay, / And let the Night too ſteal away, / But in a trice advanced the Knight, / Upon the Bare Ridge, Bolt upright, / And groping out for Ralpho’s Jade, / He found the Saddle too was ſtraid []
  2. Any extended protuberance; a projecting line or strip.
  3. The line along which two sloping surfaces meet which diverge towards the ground.
  4. The highest point on a roof, represented by a horizontal line where two roof areas intersect, running the length of the area.
    • 1907, Harold Bindloss, chapter 26, in The Dust of Conflict:
      Maccario, it was evident, did not care to take the risk of blundering upon a picket, and a man led them by twisting paths until at last the hacienda rose blackly before them. Appleby could see it dimly, a blur of shadowy buildings with the ridge of roof parapet alone cutting hard and sharp against the clearing sky.
  5. (fortifications) The highest portion of the glacis proceeding from the salient angle of the covered way.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Stocqueler to this entry?)
  6. A chain of mountains.
    • c. 1595, William Shakespeare, Richard II, [Act I, scene i], lines 62–66:
      [] Which to maintaine, I would allow him oddes, / And meete him, were I tide to runne afoote, / Euen to the frozen ridges of the Alpes, / Or any other ground inhabitable, / Where euer Engliſhman durſt ſet his foote.
  7. A chain of hills.
  8. A long narrow elevation on an ocean bottom.
  9. (meteorology) A type of warm air that comes down on to land from mountains.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

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VerbEdit

ridge (third-person singular simple present ridges, present participle ridging, simple past and past participle ridged)

  1. (transitive) To form into a ridge
  2. (intransitive) To extend in ridges

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit