English edit

 
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A pea plant, Pisum sativum (1).
 
Pea seeds in a pod (2).

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Back-formation from pease, an original singular reinterpreted as a plural. Further from Middle English pese (a pea), from Old English pisa, from Latin pisa, pisum, from Ancient Greek πίσον (píson).

Alternative forms edit

Noun edit

pea (plural peas or (archaic) pease)

  1. A plant, Pisum sativum, member of the legume (Fabaceae) family.
  2. Any plant of the family Fabaceae.
  3. (cooking) The edible seed of Pisum sativum; the green pea.
  4. (cooking) The edible seed of various other pea plants.
  5. (Jamaica) Any of several varieties of bean.
    peas and rice
  6. (MLE, in the plural) Money.
    Man's making bare peas.
    • 2023, Nathan Bryon, Tom Melia, directed by Raine Allen-Miller, Rye Lane, spoken by Nathan (Simon Manyonda):
      Oh, come on. Help a brother out. People see you coppin', might inspire them. Look, I know you ain't payin' bills right now. Man must have bare peas saved up.
Usage notes edit

See usage notes at bean regarding the differences in terminology.

Derived terms edit
Terms derived from pea (noun)
Descendants edit
  • Abenaki: piz (a pea)
  • Mohegan-Pequot: pish (a pea)
  • Yurok: pi·š, peeesh (a pea)
Translations edit

Etymology 2 edit

From having the appearance of a pea (see English etymology 1), the edible seed of Pisum sativum, the pea plant.

Noun edit

pea (plural peas)

  1. (baseball) A ball travelling at high velocity.
  2. (US, Indiana, gambling) Any of the small numbered balls used in a pea shake game.
  3. (astronomy) Ellipsis of green pea galaxy.
Translations edit

Etymology 3 edit

From Middle English pe, po, poue, pa, paue, from Old English pēa, pāwa (peacock) (compare Old English pāwe (peahen)) and Old Norse pái (peacock), both from Proto-Germanic *pāwô (peacock), from Latin pāvō (peacock). Cognate with Saterland Frisian Pau, West Frisian pau, Dutch pauw, German Pfau. Doublet of Pavo.

Noun edit

pea (plural peas)

  1. (rare, archaic) a peafowl
Derived terms edit

Etymology 4 edit

Noun edit

pea (plural peas)

  1. (nautical) Alternative form of peak

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Basque edit

Noun edit

pea

  1. absolutive singular of pe

Chinese edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

pea (Cantonese)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    pea [Cantonese]  ―  fong3 pe5 [Jyutping]  ―  to slack off

Derived terms edit

Adjective edit

pea (Cantonese)

  1. slack; without effort

Related terms edit

Estonian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Finnic *pää, from Proto-Uralic *päŋe. Cognate with Finnish pää and Hungarian fej.

Pronunciation edit

  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun edit

pea (genitive pea, partitive pead)

  1. head

Declension edit

Declension of pea (ÕS type 26i/idee, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative pea pead
accusative nom.
gen. pea
genitive peade
partitive pead päid
peasid
illative peasse peadesse
päisse
inessive peas peades
päis
elative peast peadest
päist
allative peale peadele
päile
adessive peal peadel
päil
ablative pealt peadelt
päilt
translative peaks peadeks
päiks
terminative peani peadeni
essive peana peadena
abessive peata peadeta
comitative peaga peadega

Derived terms edit

Adverb edit

pea (not comparable)

  1. almost
    Pea iga kord seisab ta seal kohas.
    He stands there almost every time.
  2. soon, immediately, quickly (in modern use almost always together with some other word or affix, such as kohe, õige, nii, -gi)
    Kohe pea oleme kohal.
    Soon we'll be there.
    Rändurid uinusid pea.
    The travelers fell asleep quickly.

Further reading edit

  • pea”, in [PSV] Eesti keele põhisõnavara sõnastik [Dictionary of Estonian Basic Vocabulary] (in Estonian) (online version, not updated), Tallinn: Eesti Keele Sihtasutus (Estonian Language Foundation), 2014
  • pea”, in [EKSS] Eesti keele seletav sõnaraamat [Descriptive Dictionary of the Estonian Language] (in Estonian) (online version), Tallinn: Eesti Keele Sihtasutus (Estonian Language Foundation), 2009
  • pea”, in [ÕS] Eesti õigekeelsussõnaraamat ÕS 2018 [Estonian Spelling Dictionary] (in Estonian) (online version), Tallinn: Eesti Keele Sihtasutus (Estonian Language Foundation), 2018, →ISBN
  • pea in Sõnaveeb (Eesti Keele Instituut)

Hawaiian edit

 

Etymology edit

From English bear.

Pronunciation edit

  This entry needs an audio pronunciation. If you are a native speaker with a microphone, please record this word. The recorded pronunciation will appear here when it's ready.

Noun edit

pea

  1. bear

Derived terms edit

Japanese edit

Romanization edit

pea

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ペア

Maori edit

Etymology edit

From English bear.

Noun edit

pea

  1. bear

Niuean edit

 

Etymology edit

From English bear.

Noun edit

pea

  1. bear

Rarotongan edit

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowed from English bear.

Noun edit

pea

  1. bear

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from English pear.

Noun edit

pea

  1. pear

Etymology 3 edit

Borrowed from English pair.

Noun edit

pea

  1. pair

Spanish edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈpea/ [ˈpe.a]
  • Rhymes: -ea
  • Syllabification: pe‧a

Etymology 1 edit

Deverbal from peer.

Noun edit

pea f (plural peas)

  1. (colloquial) drunkenness
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:borrachera

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb edit

pea

  1. inflection of peer:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative

Further reading edit

Swahili edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

-pea (infinitive kupea)

  1. Applicative form of -pa: to give to

Conjugation edit

Conjugation of -pea
Positive present -napea
Subjunctive -pee
Negative -pei
Imperative singular pea
Infinitives
Positive kupea
Negative kutopea
Imperatives
Singular pea
Plural peeni
Tensed forms
Habitual hupea
Positive past positive subject concord + -lipea
Negative past negative subject concord + -kupea
Positive present (positive subject concord + -napea)
Singular Plural
1st person ninapea/napea tunapea
2nd person unapea mnapea
3rd person m-wa(I/II) anapea wanapea
other classes positive subject concord + -napea
Negative present (negative subject concord + -pei)
Singular Plural
1st person sipei hatupei
2nd person hupei hampei
3rd person m-wa(I/II) hapei hawapei
other classes negative subject concord + -pei
Positive future positive subject concord + -tapea
Negative future negative subject concord + -tapea
Positive subjunctive (positive subject concord + -pee)
Singular Plural
1st person nipee tupee
2nd person upee mpee
3rd person m-wa(I/II) apee wapee
other classes positive subject concord + -pee
Negative subjunctive positive subject concord + -sipee
Positive present conditional positive subject concord + -ngepea
Negative present conditional positive subject concord + -singepea
Positive past conditional positive subject concord + -ngalipea
Negative past conditional positive subject concord + -singalipea
Gnomic (positive subject concord + -apea)
Singular Plural
1st person napea twapea
2nd person wapea mwapea
3rd person m-wa(I/II) apea wapea
m-mi(III/IV) wapea yapea
ji-ma(V/VI) lapea yapea
ki-vi(VII/VIII) chapea vyapea
n(IX/X) yapea zapea
u(XI) wapea see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) kwapea
pa(XVI) papea
mu(XVIII) mwapea
Perfect positive subject concord + -mepea
"Already" positive subject concord + -meshapea
"Not yet" negative subject concord + -japea
"If/When" positive subject concord + -kipea
"If not" positive subject concord + -sipopea
Consecutive kapea / positive subject concord + -kapea
Consecutive subjunctive positive subject concord + -kapee
Object concord (indicative positive)
Singular Plural
1st person -nipea -tupea
2nd person -kupea -wapea/-kupeeni/-wapeeni
3rd person m-wa(I/II) -mpea -wapea
m-mi(III/IV) -upea -ipea
ji-ma(V/VI) -lipea -yapea
ki-vi(VII/VIII) -kipea -vipea
n(IX/X) -ipea -zipea
u(XI) -upea see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) -kupea
pa(XVI) -papea
mu(XVIII) -mupea
Reflexive -jipea
Relative forms
General positive (positive subject concord + (object concord) + -pea- + relative marker)
Singular Plural
m-wa(I/II) -peaye -peao
m-mi(III/IV) -peao -peayo
ji-ma(V/VI) -pealo -peayo
ki-vi(VII/VIII) -peacho -peavyo
n(IX/X) -peayo -peazo
u(XI) -peao see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) -peako
pa(XVI) -peapo
mu(XVIII) -peamo
Other forms (subject concord + tense marker + relative marker + (object concord) + -pea)
Singular Plural
m-wa(I/II) -yepea -opea
m-mi(III/IV) -opea -yopea
ji-ma(V/VI) -lopea -yopea
ki-vi(VII/VIII) -chopea -vyopea
n(IX/X) -yopea -zopea
u(XI) -opea see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) -kopea
pa(XVI) -popea
mu(XVIII) -mopea
Some forms not commonly seen in modern Standard Swahili are absent from the table. See Appendix:Swahili verbs for more information.

Tahitian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English bear. Cognates include Hawaiian pea, Maori pea, Tokelauan pea and Wallisian pea.

Noun edit

pea

  1. bear

Tokelauan edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈpe.a/
  • Hyphenation: pe‧a

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Polynesian *pea. Cognates include Tongan pea and Samoan pea.

Particle edit

pea

  1. Indicates a continuous action; keep on, continuously
  2. Indicates that the action was performed in spite of what preceded; nevertheless, still

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from English pair.

Noun edit

pea

  1. pair
  2. A woman's costume worn over a long skirt.

Verb edit

pea

  1. (stative) to be alike

Etymology 3 edit

Te pea (3.1).
Te pea (3.2).

Borrowed from English pear.

Noun edit

pea

  1. pear
  2. pear tree

Etymology 4 edit

 
Te pea (4.1).

Borrowed from English bear. Cognates include Hawaiian pea, Maori pea, Tahitian pea and Wallisian pea.

Noun edit

pea

  1. bear

References edit

  • R. Simona, editor (1986), Tokelau Dictionary[1], Auckland: Office of Tokelau Affairs, page 265

Wallisian edit

 
Pea

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English bear. Cognates include Hawaiian pea, Maori pea, Tahitian pea and Tokelauan pea.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /pe.a/
  • Hyphenation: pe‧a

Noun edit

pea

  1. bear

Walloon edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

pea ? (plural peas)

  1. (anatomy) skin

West Makian edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

pea

  1. Alternative form of pia (rice)

References edit

  • Clemens Voorhoeve (1982) The Makian languages and their neighbours[2], Pacific linguistics