From Middle Persian 𐭩𐭪𐭩 (-īk, -īg).
ـی • (-i)
- Forms adjectives from nouns.
- Forms surnames.
ـی is the form that follows words ending in consonants. Adjectives ending in the short vowel ـه (-e) will use the form ـگی (-egi) for their derived nouns, while nouns ending in ـه (-e) will usually add the non-joining ای (-i) to form their derived adjectives. Both nouns and adjectives ending in the long vowels ـا (-â) and ـو (-u) will use the form یی (-yi)
As a derivational suffix, ـی and the above-mentioned alternative forms take the stress in a word, as in خورشیدی (xoršidí, “solar”). As the marked indefinite or relative definite suffix, the stress remains on the root of the word, as in خورشیدی (xoršídi, “a sun / the sun which”)
Most Persian surnames end in this suffix.
From Middle Persian 𐭩𐭧 (-īh).
ـی • (-i)
- Forms abstract nouns from adjectives.
From Middle Persian 𐭸 (ē(w)).
ـی • (-ê)
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