ます

JapaneseEdit

NounEdit

ます (romaji masu)

  1. , , , : a square wooden measuring cup
  2. : a trout
  3. マス: a mass (as in a crowd or lump)

VerbEdit

ます (romaji masu)

  1. 益す, 増す: to increase
  2. 在す, 坐す: to be (honorific; rare)
  3. 申す: to speak
  4. 摩す, 磨す: to rub, scrub, polish, chafe

EtymologyEdit

The -ます ending is generally believed to have come from the Old Japanese auxiliary verb mawirasuru (mairasuru: to humbly do something for a superior; idiomatic use arising from the causative conjugation of 参る (mairu)) → marasurumassurumasurumasu.

SuffixEdit

ます (romaji masu)

  1. expresses politeness toward and distance from the listener: vaguely similar to the social context indicated by the usted verb conjugation in Spanish, the vous conjugation in French, or the Sie conjugation in German
ConjugationEdit

Other forms not attested.

Usage notesEdit

Connects to the continuative form (連用形 (ren'yōkei)) of a verb and inflects partially like type 1 verbs. The imperative forms are only used with honorific verbs, e.g. いらっしゃいませ (irasshaimase), なさいませ (nasaimase), 下さいませ (kudasaimase). The perfective has an irregular negative form ませんでした (masen deshita); the hypothetical conditional is rare. The old dictionary form まする is still sometimes used. When there is a choice, attaches last: e.g. polite passive is 話されます (hanasaremasu), not 話しまされる (*hanashimasareru).

Alternative formsEdit
  • 在す, 坐す (rare)
See alsoEdit
Last modified on 7 February 2014, at 08:14