Last modified on 8 January 2015, at 02:06

基本

ChineseEdit

 
base; foundation; basic; radical (chem.)
 
roots or stems of plants; origin; source; this; the current; root; foundation; basis; (a measure word)
simp. and trad.
(基本)

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (基本, reconstructed)
Character (基), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 之
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 居之切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɨ/ /ki/ /kiə/ /kɨ/ /kɨ/ /kĭə/ /kie/
Character (本), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 幫 (1)
Final: 魂
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 布忖切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/puənX/ /puənX/ /puənX/ /puonX/ /pwənX/ /puənX/ /puənX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (基本, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ki › /*k(r)ə/ base (n.)
běn ‹ pwonX › /*C.pˤə[n]ʔ/ tree trunk

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9930 0 /*kɯ/
473 1 /*pɯːnʔ/

AdjectiveEdit

基本

  1. basic, fundamental, main, essential, elementary, rudimentary

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
ほん
Grade: 1
on'yomi

NounEdit

基本 (hiragana きほん, romaji kihon)

  1. foundation, basis, standard
  2. (martial arts) kihon

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, ISBN 4095102535.

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this word

NounEdit

基本 (gibon) (hangeul 기본)

  1. Hanja form? of 기본, “basis, foundation”.