Last modified on 18 September 2014, at 08:51
See also: and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
文-bw.png
Stroke order
文-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Ideogram (指事): a man with a painted or tattooed chest. In current form, tattoo has vanished, so simply an outline of a man (head, outstretched arms, legs, chest). Compare , which has no chest.

文 文 文 文
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 67 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 卜大 (YK), four-corner 00400, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 477, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13450
  • Dae Jaweon: page 831, character 39
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2169, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6587

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (文), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 明 (4)
Final: 文
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 無分切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/mɨun/ /mi̯uən/ /miuən/ /miun/ /mun/ /mĭuən/ /miuən/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
wén ‹ mjun › /*mən {*mə[n]}/ ornate
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13015 1 /*mɯn/

NounEdit

  1. (written) language
  2. writing; literary composition; literature
  3. culture
SynonymsEdit
  • ("spoken language")

AdjectiveEdit

  1. literary
  2. civil, civilian
    • 文武 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]wénwǔ [Pinyin] — civilian and military
  3. refined; educated; cultured; intellectual;

VerbEdit

  1. to tattoo
  2. to cover
    • [trad.] / [simp.]wén guò [Pinyin] — to cover one's fault

Proper nounEdit

  1. A surname​. Wen
  2. Kangxi radical 67

ClassifierEdit

  1. (archaic) measure word for coins

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ぶん, romaji bun)

  1. (grammar) sentence

NounEdit

(hiragana ふみ, romaji fumi)

  1. letter

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(mun)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: mun, McCune-Reischauer: mun, Yale: mun)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(văn, von)

CompoundsEdit