Last modified on 2 June 2014, at 16:10

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
而-order.gif

Han characterEdit

Pictogram (象形) – beard.

(radical 126 +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 一月中中 (MBLL), four-corner 10227, composition ⿱⿱丿)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 961, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28871
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1409, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2810, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+800C

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (而), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 日 (38)
Final: 之
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 如之切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵɨ/ /ȵʑi/ /ȵiə/ /ȵɨ/ /ȵɨ/ /ȵʑĭə/ /ȵʑie/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
ér ‹ nyi › /*nəә/ and, but

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2720 0 /*njɯ/

ConjunctionEdit

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) and
  2. (Beginning Mandarin) and yet; but; nevertheless

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(i) (hangeul , revised i, McCune-Reischauer i, Yale i)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nhi)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.