Last modified on 21 October 2014, at 09:44
See also:

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 40 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 十中一水 (JLME), composition)

  1. sleep, rest
  2. bedroom

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 290, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7278
  • Dae Jaweon: page 574, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 946, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+5BDD

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (寢), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 清 (14)
Final: 侵
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 七稔切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰiɪmX/ /t͡sʰi̯əmX/ /t͡sʰiəmX/ /t͡sʰimX/ /t͡sʰimX/ /t͡sʰĭĕmX/ /t͡sʰjemX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
qǐn ‹ tshimX › /*[tsʰ]imʔ/ sleep

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10488 2 /*sʰimʔ/ 注:經典同寑

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji i)

  1. sleep
    • c. 890: Taketori Monogatari (page 5)
      そのあたりの垣にも、家の門にも、をる人だにたはやすく見るまじき物を、夜るはやすき寝(い)も寝(ね)ず、闇の夜に出て、穴をくじり、かひ間見、まとひあへり。
Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

(intransitive, hiragana , romaji nu)

  1. to sleep
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(chim) (hangeul , revised chim, McCune-Reischauer ch'im)

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