Last modified on 20 August 2014, at 22:23

TranslingualEdit

Letter i.svg
Unicode name LATIN SMALL LETTER I
Codepoint U+0069
h ← Basic Latin → j
Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Etymology 1Edit

The approximate form of I from which Latin lower case i derived Lower case variation of upper case I, from Ancient Greek letter Ι (I, Iota).

LetterEdit

i lower case (upper case I)

  1. The ninth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

i lower case (upper case İ)

  1. The letter i with a tittle or dot above, in both the upper case and the lower case versions.

See alsoEdit

Derived symbols

Similar and related symbols

Etymology 2Edit

  • (mathematics, imaginary number): abbreviation of imaginary
  • (computer programming, generic index): abbreviation of index

PronunciationEdit

SymbolEdit

Wikipedia

i

  1. (mathematics, often in italics or bold) The imaginary unit; a fixed square root of -1. Graphically, i is shown on the vertical (y-axis) plane.
  2. (engineering, often in bold) The current flow in a circuit in amperes.
  3. (mathematics, programming) A common variable name representing a generic index, especially in loops.
  4. (IPA, romanization) close front unrounded vowel.
SynonymsEdit
  • (mathematics: imaginary unit): j
  • (computer programming, common variable name representing a generic index): j

Etymology 3Edit

Lower case form of upper case roman numeral I, apparently derived from the shape of a notch scored across a tally stick.

Alternative formsEdit

Cardinal numberEdit

i (lower case Roman numeral, upper case I)

  1. cardinal number one.

See alsoEdit

See alsoEdit

Other representations of I:


EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin i, minuscule of I

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

i (lower case, upper case I)

  1. The ninth letter of the English alphabet, called i and written in the Latin script.
See alsoEdit
Usage notesEdit

The English letter i represents many different sounds, often the diphthong /aɪ/ (from Middle English /iː/), as in the pronoun I, or /ɪ/ as in bit.

NumberEdit

i (lower case, upper case I)

  1. The ordinal number ninth, derived from this letter of the English alphabet, called i and written in the Latin script.

NounEdit

i (plural ies)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter I/i.
    • the position of an i-dot (the dot of an i)
    • i-mutation, i-umlaut
TranslationsEdit
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old English ic.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

i

  1. nonstandard capitalization of I
Usage notesEdit
  • Also used in instant messaging due to limitations of entering capitals on a mobile phone's keypad.

AdangmeEdit

PronounEdit

i

  1. I
    I suɔ mo.
    I love you.

AlbanianEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

i (lower case, upper case I)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Albanian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

ArticleEdit

i

  1. masculine singular nominative adjectival article

See alsoEdit


AmaEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

i

  1. tooth

AzeriEdit

LetterEdit

i lower case (upper case İ)

  1. The fourteenth letter of the Azeri alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


BislamaEdit

ParticleEdit

i

  1. Separates the subject of a sentence from the predicate, used when the subject is a pronoun or a noun

BorôroEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

i

  1. tree

CatalanEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

NounEdit

i f (plural is)

  1. The Latin letter I (lowercase i).
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin et (and).

ConjunctionEdit

i

  1. and; used to connect two similar words, phrases, sentences, etc.; as well as; together with; in addition to.
    Hi ha moltes colomes i teuladins — There are many pigeons and sparrows.
    Ella escriu els articles i ell els il·lustra amb els seus dibuixos — She writes the articles and he illustrates them with his drawings.
Derived termsEdit

CornishEdit

PronounEdit

i

  1. they

CzechEdit

PronunciationEdit

ConjunctionEdit

i

  1. and (also), and even
  2. even (implying an extreme example, used at the beginning of sentences)
    I slepá veverka někdy najde ořech. - Even a blind squirrel finds an acorn sometimes.

SynonymsEdit

  • (Moravian dialect) aj, aji

Derived termsEdit


DalmatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin illī, nominative masculine plural of ille. Compare Italian i, gli.

ArticleEdit

i m (plural)

  1. the; masculine plural definite article

Related termsEdit


DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse í, from Proto-Germanic *in, from Proto-Indo-European *en.

PrepositionEdit

i

  1. in, inside

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • Rhymes: -i
  • (letter name): IPA(key): /i/

LetterEdit

i (lower case, upper case I)

  1. The ninth letter of the Dutch alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit

  • Previous letter: h
  • Next letter: j

ElfdalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse í, from Proto-Germanic *in.

PrepositionEdit

i

  1. in

EsperantoEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

i (lower case, upper case I)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called i and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit

NounEdit

i (plural i-oj, accusative singular i-on, accusative plural i-ojn)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter I/i.

See alsoEdit


ExtremaduranEdit

ConjunctionEdit

i

  1. and

FalaEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Portuguese e, from Latin et (and), from Proto-Indo-European *éti.

ConjunctionEdit

i

  1. and (expressing two elements to be taken together)
    • 2000, Domingo Frades Gaspar, Vamus a falal: Notas pâ coñocel y platical en nosa fala, Editora regional da Extremadura, Chapter 1: Lengua Española:
      A grandeda da lengua española é indiscotibli, i sei estudio, utilización defensa debin sel algo consostancial a nos, []
      The greatness of the Spanish language is unquestionable, and its study, use and defense must be something consubstantial to us, []

FaroeseEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

i (upper case I)

  1. The tenth letter of the Faroese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit

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FoiEdit

NounEdit

i

  1. eye
  2. seventeen
  3. twenty-one

FriulianEdit

Friulian Definite Articles
singular plural
masculine il
l'
i
feminine  la
l'
lis

EtymologyEdit

From Latin illi.

ArticleEdit

i m pl (singular il)

  1. the

PronounEdit

i (third person masculine/ feminine indirect object)

  1. to him
  2. to her

See alsoEdit


HawaiianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Polynesian *i.

ParticleEdit

i

  1. used to mark the following (noun or noun phrase) as a direct object
    Ua ʻai ka pōpoki i ka ʻiole.
    The cat eats/ate the mouse.

PrepositionEdit

i

  1. in, at
  2. (indicating destination) to

See alsoEdit


IrishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • in (used before vowels in place of eclipsis; also used before bhur (‘your pl’), before dhá (‘two’), before titles of books, films, and the like, and before foreign words that resist mutation)

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish i, from Proto-Celtic *eni (compare Welsh yn), from Proto-Indo-European *en (compare English in, Latin in, Greek ἐν (en)).

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

i (triggers eclipsis of a following consonant)

  1. in

InflectionEdit

Person Normal Emphatic
1st person sing. ionam ionamsa
2d person sing. ionat ionatsa
3d sing. masc. ann annsan
3d sing. fem. inti intise
1st person pl. ionainn ionainne
2d person pl. ionaibh ionaibhse
3d person pl. iontu iontusan

Derived termsEdit

Combined with definite article:

Combined with third person possessive:

Combined with first person plural possessive:

Combined with the copula:


ItalianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Reduced form of gli.[1]

ArticleEdit

Italian Definite Articles
singular plural
masculine il
lo
i
gli
feminine  la le

i m pl (singular il)

  1. the (see the usage notes)
Usage notesEdit
  • i is used before masculine plural words beginning with a single consonant other than x or z, or the plural noun dei; gli is used before masculine plural words beginning with a vowel, x, z, gn, or multiple consonants including pn, ps, and s+consonant, and before the plural noun dei.

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

i f, m (invariable)

  1. I or i, the letter I or i
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2002, Giuseppe Patota, Lineamenti di grammatica storica dell'italiano (in Italian), Bologna: il Mulino, ISBN 88-15-08638-2, page p. 126:

JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

i

  1. rōmaji reading of
  2. rōmaji reading of

LadinEdit

ArticleEdit

i m (plural)

  1. the

See alsoEdit


LadinoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Spanish é or e, from Latin et.

ConjunctionEdit

i (Latin spelling, Hebrew spelling אי)

  1. and
  2. too

LatgalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Shortened from an older Baltic form *ir, which is preserved in Lithuanian as ir (with the same meaning).

ConjunctionEdit

i

  1. and, as well as, in addition to

ParticleEdit

i

  1. too, also

LatinEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

NounEdit

ī (indeclinable)

  1. The name of the letter I.
Coordinate termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Arthur E. Gordon, The Letter Names of the Latin Alphabet (University of California Press, 1973; volume 9 of University of California Publications: Classical Studies), part III: “Summary of the Ancient Evidence”, page 32: "Clearly there is no question or doubt about the names of the vowels A, E, I, O, U. They are simply long A, long E, etc. (ā, ē, ī, ō, ū). Nor is there any uncertainty with respect to the six mutes B, C, D, G, P, T. Their names are bē, cē, dē, gē, pē, tē (each with a long E). Or about H, K, and Q: they are hā, kā, kū—each, again, with a long vowel sound."

Etymology 2Edit

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

VerbEdit

ī

  1. go! walk!; second-person singular active imperative of
    I intro iam nunc. ― Now then, go in.

LatvianEdit

Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia lv

EtymologyEdit

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

PronunciationEdit

(file)

LetterEdit

I

i (lower case, upper case I)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Latvian alphabet, called i and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

i m (invariable)

  1. The name of the Latin script letter I/i.

See alsoEdit


LivonianEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

i (upper case I)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Livonian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


LojbanEdit

CmavoEdit

i

  1. Alternative form of .i.: separates sentences
  2. Separates clauses in a sentence, when combined with a conjunction of selma'o ja, joi, or bi'i or a preposition or tense marker followed by bo.

Lower Grand Valley DaniEdit

NounEdit

i

  1. water

ReferencesEdit

  • H. Myron Bromley, A Grammar of Lower Grand Valley Dani (1981)
  • The Papuan Languages of New Guinea (1986, ISBN 0521286212)

MalayEdit

LetterEdit

i

  1. The ninth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


MandinkaEdit

PronounEdit

i

  1. you (personal pronoun)
    as i busa — he/she struck you.

See alsoEdit


MaoriEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Polynesian *i.

ParticleEdit

i

  1. from
  2. (past-tense verbal particle)
  3. (particle indicating the direct object of a transitive sentence)
  4. (past-tense particle indicating location)

MirandeseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin et.

ConjunctionEdit

i

  1. and

NavajoEdit

LetterEdit

I i

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Navajo alphabet:
    i = /ɪ˨/
    į = /ɪ̃˨/
    í = /ɪ˥/
    į́ = /ɪ̃˥/
    ii = /iː˨˨/
    įį = /ĩː˨˨/
    íi = /iː˥˨/
    į́į = /ĩː˥˨/
    ií = /iː˨˥/
    įį́ = /ĩː˨˥/
    íí = /iː˥˥/
    į́į́ = /ĩː˥˥/

NeapolitanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin īre, present active infinitive of . Compare Italian gire, ire, Sicilian jiri, giri, ghiri, iri.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

i

  1. to go

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin ego.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

ije

PronounEdit

i

  1. I: the first-person singular nominative personal pronoun.

Norwegian BokmålEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /iː/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /iː/, /i/, /ɪ/

LetterEdit

i

  1. The ninth letter of the Norwegian Bokmål alphabet, written in the Latin script.

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse í, from Proto-Germanic *in, from Proto-Indo-European *en.

PrepositionEdit

i

  1. (location) in, inside of
    Ligge i sengen
    Laying in bed
    Oppe i fjellene
    Up in the mountains
  2. (duration of time) for, in, during
    Møtet varte (i) to timer
    The meeting lasted (lit. went during) two hours
    Han var utenlands i mange år
    He lived abroad for many years
    I høst, i vår, i dag, i går
    In autumn, in spring, today, yesterday
  3. (condition, state) in
    Være i fred
    To be in peace
    Være i god stand
    To be in shape (physically fit)
    Leve i fattigdom
    To live in poverty
  4. (means, method) in
    Betale i gull
    To pay in gold.
    Gjøre noe i all hast
    To do something urgently (lit. in all haste)
    i hemmelighet
    in secret
  5. pertaining to, in reference to
    I deg har jeg en sann venn.
    In you I have a true friend.

Norwegian NynorskEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse í, from Proto-Germanic *in, from Proto-Indo-European *en.

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

i

  1. in, inside of
    No er me i Noreg.
    We are currently in Norway.
  2. for, in, during
  3. in (condition, state)
  4. in (means, method)
  5. Pertaining to, in reference to

Old FrenchEdit

AdverbEdit

i

  1. there
    • circa 1155, Wace, Le Roman de Brut:
      Et grant compagnie i a d'omes
      And there is a large company of men

DescendantsEdit

  • French: y

Old IrishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From from Proto-Celtic *eni (compare Welsh yn), from Proto-Indo-European *en (compare English in, Latin in, Greek ἐν (en)).

PrepositionEdit

i (triggers eclipsis)

  1. in (with dative)
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 14d26
      Is i persin Crist da·gníu-sa sin.
      It is in the person of Christ that I do that.
  2. into (with accusative)

Derived termsEdit

Combinations with the definite article
  • isin (accusative/dative masculine/feminine singular)
  • issa (accusative neuter singular)
  • isind (dative singular)
  • isna (accusative plural)
  • isnaib (dative plural)
Combinations with possessive determiners
  • ím (1st person singular)
  • inna, na (3rd person)
Combinations with object pronouns
Person Singular Plural
1 indium, indiumm indiunn
2 indiut indib
3 masc./neut. dat. and indib
3 fem. dat. indi
3 masc./neut. acc. ind intiu
3 fem. acc. inte

PijinEdit

ParticleEdit

i

  1. Separates the subject of a sentence from the predicate, used when the subject is a pronoun or a noun

PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

ConjunctionEdit

i

  1. and
    Adam i Ewa tylko zjedli jabłko — Adam and Eve only ate an apple.
    Patrzę na nią i oczom nie wierzę — I look at her and can't believe my eyes.

PortugueseEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /i/
  • (file)
  • Homophone: e (some accents)

LetterEdit

i (lowercase, uppercase I)

  1. The ninth letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script. Preceded by h and followed by j.

NounEdit

i m (plural is)

  1. i (name of the letter I, i)

Rapa NuiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Polynesian *i.

ParticleEdit

i

  1. relational particle that marks the object of a verb

Usage notesEdit

Used in all cases except with verbs of sensing; in which case, use e.

PrepositionEdit

i

  1. at
  2. in

RomanianEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

i (lowercase, capital I)

  1. The eleventh letter of the Romanian alphabet, written in the Latin script. Generally representing the phoneme /i/. Preceded by h and followed by î.

Usage notesEdit

See I for notes on pronunciation.


SamoanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Polynesian *i.

ParticleEdit

i

  1. used to mark the following (noun or noun phrase) as a direct object

PrepositionEdit

i

  1. (indicating destination) to

ScotsEdit

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

i

  1. in

Scottish GaelicEdit

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

i

  1. she
  2. her
  3. (referring to a feminine noun) it

Related termsEdit

  • ise (emphatic)

See alsoEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

See Translingual section.

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

i (Cyrillic spelling и)

  1. The 13th letter of the Serbo-Croatian Latin alphabet (gajica), preceded by h and followed by j.

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Slavic *i, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ey.

PronunciationEdit

ConjunctionEdit

i (Cyrillic spelling и)

  1. and
    Ivica i Marica se vole — Ivica and Marica love each other.
    i tako dalje — and so on
  2. (i..i..) both..and..
    ne možeš istovremeno i tužiti i suditi. — you can't simultaneously both sue and judge
  3. also, too
    i meni se sviđa vaš odabir — I like your choice too
  4. even (usually preceded by čȁk)
    (čak) i ja sam pozvan na zabavu! — even I have been invited to the party
  5. (ne sȁmo .. nȅgo/vȅć i...) also, too
    on je ne samo darovit, nego i jako marljiv — he is not only talented, but also very industrious
  6. so, so that (= te, pa)
    umorio sam se i nisam mogao više igrati košarku — I grew tired, so I couldn't play basketball anymore

SirionóEdit

NounEdit

i

  1. water

Skolt SamiEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /i/, /j/

LetterEdit

i (upper case I)

  1. The sixteenth letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


SlovakEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *i, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ey.

ConjunctionEdit

i

  1. and
  2. as well as

Derived termsEdit


SpanishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Directly from Latin

LetterEdit

i (lower case, upper case I)

  1. The ninth letter of the Spanish alphabet, written in the Latin script.

NounEdit

i f (plural íes)

  1. Name of the letter I.

Etymology 2Edit

Reduced form of Latin et; compare Italian e, Old French e, etc.

Alternative formsEdit

  • (modern) y

ConjunctionEdit

i

  1. (archaic) and

SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Swedish ī, from Old Norse í.

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

i (verb particle)

  1. used to signify that an action is done with intensity

Derived termsEdit

PrepositionEdit

i

  1. in; located inside
  2. in; specifies a place, a region or a country
    Kim bor i Stockholm, som ligger i Sverige.
    Kim lives in Stockholm which lies in Sweden.
  3. (about time) to; before a full hour
    Klockan tjugo i elva gick slutligen jag hem.
    At twenty to eleven I finally went home.
  4. (in various constructions) last, previous
    i måndags
    last Monday
    i julas
    last Christmas

Derived termsEdit

Usage notesEdit

In definition 4, (last, previous) the following noun gets a suffix -s (weekdays: i måndags) or -as (seasons: i höstas, certain holidays, e.g. jul, midsommar, påsk, pingst). Other holidays instead use förra, senaste, sista, e.g. förra nyåret.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • i in Elof Hellquist, Svensk etymologisk ordbok (1st ed., 1922)

TahitianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Polynesian *i.

PrepositionEdit

i

  1. at
  2. in

Tok PisinEdit

EtymologyEdit

Probably from English is

ParticleEdit

i

  1. Separates the subject of a sentence from the predicate, used when the subject is a pronoun, or a noun
    • 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, Genesis 1:2 (translation here):
      Tasol graun i no bin i stap olsem yumi save lukim nau.


This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. This language is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

TonganEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Polynesian *i.

PrepositionEdit

i

  1. in

TupinambáEdit

PronounEdit

i

  1. He, she, it, they (with descriptive verbs)
    i porang (he/she/it is / they are beautiful)
  2. Him, her, it, them (with transitive verbs)
    a-i-kuab (i know him/her/it/them)
  3. His, her, its, their (with nouns)
    i py (his/her/its/their foot/feet)
  4. Him, her, it, them (before postpositions)
    i xupé (to him/her/it/them)

TurkishEdit

LetterEdit

i (lower case, upper case İ)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Turkish alphabet, called i and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit

NounEdit

i

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter İ/i.

See alsoEdit


TurkmenEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /i/, /iː/

LetterEdit

i (upper case I)

  1. The tenth letter of the Turkmen alphabet, called i and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


VolapükEdit

AdverbEdit

i

  1. also
  2. too

WalloonEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Vulgar Latin *illī, from Classical Latin ille.

PronounEdit

i

  1. he
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin illos (accusative plural of ille) used in Vulgar Latin in place of the missing third-person pronoun.

PronounEdit

i

  1. they
Related termsEdit

WelshEdit

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

i

  1. I, me.

See alsoEdit

PrepositionEdit

i (stem idd-)

  1. to, for.
    Mae'r jem i Siân ― The jewel's for Siân.
  2. that
    Maen nhw'n dweud iddi hi yfed gormod o gwrw ― They say that she drank too much beer

InflectionEdit

Personal forms
Singular Plural
First person iddof, i mi iddom, i ni
Second person iddot, i ti iddoch, i chi
Third person iddo (ef) m
iddi (hi) f
iddynt, iddyn nhw

See alsoEdit

Usage notesEdit

  • i is used to mean 'that' with verbs originally in the preterite past tense. The subject moves to the front of the subordinate clause, directly following i, and the verb changes back to its verbnoun (infinitive) form.

Derived termsEdit