Last modified on 18 December 2014, at 00:59

See also:

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 61 +10, 14 strokes, cangjie input 一火心 (MFP), four-corner 71339, composition)

  1. sincere, honest, virtuous

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 397, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11030
  • Dae Jaweon: page 736, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2333, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+613F

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (愿), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 元
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 魚怨切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋʉɐnH/ /ŋi̯wɐnH/ /ŋiuɐnH/ /ŋʷiɐnH/ /ŋuanH/ /ŋĭwɐnH/ /ŋiuɐnH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yuàn ‹ ngjwonH › /*[ŋ]o[n]-s (< nasal + uvular?)/ to wish

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16198 1 /*ŋʷans/

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(won) (hangeul , revised won, McCune-Reischauer wŏn, Yale wen)

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