Last modified on 23 December 2014, at 01:04

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic 

Han characterEdit

(radical 170 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 弓中十一山 (NLJMU), four-corner 73211, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1352, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41665
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1854, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4133, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+9662

ChineseEdit

courtyard; institution
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (院), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 桓
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 胡官切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦuɑn/ /ɣuɑn/ /ɣuɑn/ /ɦʷɑn/ /ɦwan/ /ɣuɑn/ /ɣuɑn/
Character (院), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 云 (35)
Final: 仙
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 王眷切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦiuᴇnH/ /i̯wɛnH/ /ɣiuɛnH/ /ɦʷiɛnH/ /ɦwianH/ /ɣĭwɛnH/ /ɣjuænH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yuàn ‹ hjwenH › /*ɢʷra[n]-s/ wall round a courtyard

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16131 3 /*ɦŋoːn/ 同寏
16144 3 /*ɦŋons/

NounEdit

  1. courtyard, yard, court
  2. public or government building
    醫院医院
  3. institution
    學院学院

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana いん, romaji in)

  1. (historical) Ex-emperor, ex-empress or entitled as equal-to-emperor/empress in cloister (derived from "mansion"; the highly nobles are not addressed directly, but with their residence as substitution)

SuffixEdit

(hiragana いん, romaji -in)

  1. temple
  2. institution

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(won) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer wŏn, Yale wen)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(viện)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.