Last modified on 9 October 2014, at 01:29
See also: and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
王-bw.png
Japanese stroke order
王-jbw.png
Stroke order
王-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

王 王 王 王
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

The three horizontals strokes represent Heaven, Man and Earth. The vertical stroke is the king, the one who connect them together. Older representation of the character show a man like or above an horizontal stroke.

Pictogram (象形)

The character is also interpreted as a picture of an ax, a symbol of the king's power. A ceremonial axe was kept near the throne, and was used for performing rituals in ancient China.

Han characterEdit

(radical 96 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 一土 (MG), four-corner 10104)

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 727, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20823
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1137, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1099, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+738B

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (王), Pronunciation (1/2)

Initial: 云 (35)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 雨方切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦʉɐŋ/ /iwaŋ/ /ɣiuaŋ/ /ɦʷiɐŋ/ /ɦuaŋ/ /ɣĭwaŋ/ /ɣiuɑŋ/
Character (王), Pronunciation (2/2)

Initial: 云 (35)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 于放切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦʉɐŋH/ /iwaŋH/ /ɣiuaŋH/ /ɦʷiɐŋH/ /ɦuaŋH/ /ɣĭwaŋH/ /ɣiuɑŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
wáng ‹ hjwang › /*ɢʷaŋ/ king
wàng ‹ hjwangH › /*ɢʷaŋ-s/ be king
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12742 0 /*ɢʷaŋ/
12746 0 /*ɢʷaŋs/

NounEdit

  1. king, monarch

AdjectiveEdit

  1. grand, great
  2. best, strongest, champion

VerbEdit

  1. (archaic) to reign, to rule

Proper nounEdit

  1. A surname​. Wang, Wong (Hong Kong)

DescendantsEdit

  • (Hokkien dialect) Tagalog: Ong, Wong

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

PronunciationEdit

EtymologyEdit

/wau/ > /woː/ > /oː/. Initial /w/ vanishes as the distinction between /o, wo/ was lost.

NounEdit

(hiragana おう, romaji ō, historical hiragana わう)

  1. the ruler of a nation; a king

SynonymsEdit

See alsoEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(wang)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: wang, Yale: wang)
  • Name (hangeul): 임금 (revised: imgeum, McCune-Reischauer: imgŭm, Yale: imkum)
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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(vương, vướng)

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