artifact

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Alteration of artefact, from Italian artefatto, from Latin arte (by skill), (ablative of ars (art)) + factum (thing made), from facere

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑː(ɹ)tɪfækt/

NounEdit

artifact (plural artifacts)

  1. An object made or shaped by human hand.
  2. (archaeology) An object, such as a tool, weapon or ornament, of archaeological or historical interest, especially such an object found at an archaeological excavation.
    The dig produced many Roman artifacts.
  3. Something viewed as a product of human conception or agency rather than an inherent element.
    • "The very act of looking at a naked model was an artifact of male supremacy" (Philip Weiss).
  4. A structure or finding in an experiment or investigation that is not a true feature of the object under observation, but is a result of external action, the test arrangement, or an experimental error.
    The spot on his lung turned out to be an artifact of the X-ray process.
  5. An object made or shaped by some agent or intelligence, not necessarily of direct human origin.
  6. (computing) A perceptible distortion that appears in a digital image, audio or video file as a result of applying a lossy compression algorithm.
    This JPEG image has been so highly compressed that it has too many unsightly compression artifacts, making it unsuitable for the cover of our magazine.

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.


ReferencesEdit

  • artifact in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911
  • "artefact" is the preferred spelling in Australia’s Macquarie Dictionary, with artifact listed as a variant.
  • "artifact" is preferred by the Oxford English Dictionary and most American dictionaries.
Last modified on 6 March 2014, at 22:45