delay

EnglishEdit

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Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English delaien, from Anglo-Norman delaier, Old French deslaier, from des- + Old French laier (to leave), a conflation of Old Frankish *latjan ("to delay, hinder"; from Proto-Germanic *latjaną (to delay, hinder, stall), from Proto-Indo-European *le(i)d- (to leave, leave behind)), and Old Frankish *laibjan ("to leave"; from Proto-Germanic *laibijaną (to leave, cause to stay), from Proto-Indo-European *leip- (to remain, continue)). Akin to Old English latian (to delay, hesitate), Old English latu (a delay, a hindrance), Old English lǣfan (to leave). More at let (to hinder), late, leave.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

delay (third-person singular simple present delays, present participle delaying, simple past and past participle delayed)

  1. To put off until a later time; to defer.
    • Bible, Matthew xxiv. 48
      My lord delayeth his coming.
  2. To retard; to stop, detain, or hinder, for a time.
    The mail is delayed by a heavy fall of snow.
  3. (obsolete) To allay; to temper.
    • Spenser
      The watery showers delay the raging wind.
Usage notesEdit
SynonymsEdit
TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

delay (plural delays)

  1. A period of time before an event occurs; the act of delaying; procrastination; lingering inactivity.
    the delay before the echo of a sound
    • Bible, Acts xxv. 17
      Without any delay, on the morrow I sat on the judgment seat.
    • Macaulay
      The government ought to be settled without the delay of a day.
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle French délayer, ultimately from Latin dis- + ligāre.

VerbEdit

delay (third-person singular simple present delays, present participle delaying, simple past and past participle delayed)

  1. (obsolete) To dilute, temper.
  2. (obsolete) To assuage, quench, allay.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, III.12:
      Those dreadfull flames she also found delayd / And quenched quite like a consumed torch […].

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Last modified on 31 March 2014, at 22:32