Last modified on 28 April 2015, at 02:10

gluten

EnglishEdit

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Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

From French gluten, borrowed from Latin glūten (glue).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

gluten (countable and uncountable, plural glutens)

  1. (obsolete) Fibrin (formerly considered as one of the "animal humours"). [16th-19th c.]
    • 1621, Robert Burton, The Anatomy of Melancholy, Bk.I, New York, 2001, p.147:
      The radical or innate is daily supplied by nourishment, which some call cambium, and make those secondary humours of ros and gluten to maintain it […].
  2. The major protein in cereal grains, especially wheat; responsible for the elasticity in dough and the structure in baked bread. [from 19th c.]
    • 2010, Felicity Cloake, Word of Mouth Blog, The Guardian, 10 Jun 2010:
      Unfortunately, wholemeal bread is, according to many experts, a tricky thing to get right, as the lower gluten content of the flour makes for dense results [...].
  3. (rare, geology) A gluey, sticky mass of clay, bitumen etc. [from 19th c.]
    • 1988, James McPherson, Battle Cry of Freedom, Oxford 2004, p. 669:
      Despite constant rain that turned roads to gluten, the Yankees kept moving.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit


DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin gluten (glue).

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: glu‧ten

NounEdit

gluten n (uncountable)

  1. gluten

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin gluten (glue).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

gluten m (plural glutens)

  1. gluten

AnagramsEdit

External linksEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *glīt-, the zero grade of *gley- (to stick; to spread, to smear).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

glūten n (genitive glūtinis); third declension

  1. glue

InflectionEdit

Third declension neuter.

Number Singular Plural
nominative glūten glūtina
genitive glūtinis glūtinum
dative glūtinī glūtinibus
accusative glūten glūtina
ablative glūtine glūtinibus
vocative glūten glūtina

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • gluten” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
  • glue in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin gluten (glue).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

gluten m (plural glutenes)

  1. (biochemistry) gluten

SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin gluten (glue).

NounEdit

gluten n

  1. gluten