Last modified on 8 July 2014, at 09:21

insult

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle French insult (noun) and insulter (verb), from Latin insultāre (to jump at, insult), ultimately from salīre (to jump).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

insult (third-person singular simple present insults, present participle insulting, simple past and past participle insulted)

  1. (obsolete, intransitive) To behave in an obnoxious and superior manner (over, against). [16th-19th c.]
    • 1621, Robert Burton, The Anatomy of Melancholy, II.3.3:
      thou hast lost all, poor thou art, dejected, in pain of body, grief of mind, thine enemies insult over thee, thou art as bad as Job [...].
  2. (transitive) To offend (someone) by being rude, insensitive or insolent; to demean or affront (someone). [from 17th c.]
  3. (obsolete) To leap or trample upon; to make a sudden onset upon.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

insult (plural insults)

  1. An action or form of speech deliberately intended to be rude.
    • Savage
      the ruthless sneer that insult adds to grief
    • 1987, Jamie Lee Curtis, A Fish Called Wanda:
      To call you stupid would be an insult to stupid people!
  2. Anything that causes offence/offense, e.g. by being of an unacceptable quality.
    The way the orchestra performed tonight was an insult to my ears.
  3. (medicine) Something causing disease or injury to the body or bodily processes.
    • 2006, Stephen G. Lomber, Jos J. Eggermont, Reprogramming the Cerebral Cortex (page 415)
      [] most investigators agreed with the characterization of early brain plasticity as a transiently available, ancillary system that is triggered by neural insult []
    • 2011, Terence Allen and Graham Cowling, The Cell: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford 2011, p. 96:
      Within the complex genome of most organisms there are alternative multiple pathways of proteins which can help the individual cell survive a variety of insults, for example radiation, toxic chemicals, heat, excessive or reduced oxygen.
  4. (obsolete) The act of leaping on; onset; attack.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Dryden to this entry?)

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Related termsEdit

AnagramsEdit