Last modified on 2 December 2014, at 17:37

national

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle French national; see nation.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

national (comparative more national, superlative most national)

  1. Of or having to do with a nation.
  2. (by extension) Of or having to do with a country (sovereign state).
    Import tariffs were raised for the national interest.

Usage notesEdit

See nation for notes regarding the usage of national to refer to the UK and its member states.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

national (plural nationals)

  1. A subject of a nation.
    The diplomats were advised not to interact with any foreign nationals except on official duty.
  2. (usually in the plural) A tournament in which participants from all over the nation compete.
    After winning the regional tournament, the team advanced to the nationals.

TranslationsEdit

External linksEdit


FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

national m (feminine nationale, masculine plural nationaux, feminine plural nationales)

  1. national

Derived termsEdit

External linksEdit


GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Derived from Nation (nation) under the influence of French national.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˌnatsi̯oˈnaːl/, [ˌna.tsjoˈnaːl], /ˈnatsi̯oˌnaːl/, [ˈna.tsjoˌnaːl]

AdjectiveEdit

national (comparative nationaler, superlative am nationalsten)

  1. national (being part of the national identity)
    eine nationale Tradition — a national tradition
    die nationale Sprache (≈ die Nationalsprache) — the national language
    nationale Eigenarten — national characteristics
  2. national (of importance for, or to the benefit of the nation as a whole)
    nationale Belange — national interests
    eine nationale Katastrophe — a national catastrophe
    der nationale Dialog — the national dialogue
  3. nationwide, national (covering a country, as opposed to regional and international levels; see usage note below)
    nationale Parlamente (≈ Nationalparlamente) — national parliaments
    auf nationaler Ebene — on the national level
    die nationale Gesetzgebung — national legislation
  4. (moderately) nationalist
    das nationale Lager — the nationalist camp
    Sozialismus nationaler Prägung — socialism with a nationalist imprint

Usage notesEdit

  • The comparation forms are infrequent.
  • German national in the sense of “nationwide” occurs chiefly in a political context, as in the examples above. Its use in other contexts is most often modelled on English usage: ein nationaler Gesangswettbewerb — a national singing competition. The more idiomatic German word is landesweit: ein landesweiter Gesangswettbewerb.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

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