Last modified on 18 August 2014, at 11:24

socius

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Latin

NounEdit

socius (plural socii)

  1. (historical) Any of the autonomous tribes and city states of the Italian Peninsula in permanent military alliance with the Roman Republic until the Social War of 91–88 BC.

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *sokʷ-yo- (companion), from Proto-Indo-European *sekʷ- (to follow)[1]. Compare Faliscan socia (girlfriend, companion).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

socius m (feminine socia, neuter socium); first/second declension

  1. sharing, joining in, partaking, associated
  2. kindred, related, akin
  3. leagued, allied, united, confederate
  4. (substantive) partner, sharer, associate
  5. (substantive) companion, comrade
  6. (substantive) ally; confederate

InflectionEdit

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case \ Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative socius socia socium sociī sociae socia
genitive sociī sociae sociī sociōrum sociārum sociōrum
dative sociō sociae sociō sociīs sociīs sociīs
accusative socium sociam socium sociōs sociās socia
ablative sociō sociā sociō sociīs sociīs sociīs
vocative socie socia socium sociī sociae socia

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • socius in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • Notes:
  1. ^ D. Gary Miller, Latin suffixal derivatives in English and their Indo-European ancestry, 2006. pp.27 & 134