Last modified on 24 October 2014, at 18:30

sollen

GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German sculan, skulan, from Proto-Germanic *skulaną. Cognate with English shall and should, Dutch zullen, Danish skulle.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈzɔlən/
  • (file)
  • (file)

VerbEdit

sollen (irregular, third-person singular simple present soll, past tense sollte, past participle gesollt, auxiliary haben)

  1. (auxiliary) should; to be obligated (to do something); ought; shall
    Ich soll das machen. — “I should do that.”
    Ich sollte das nicht tun. — “I should not do it.”
  2. (auxiliary) to be recommended (to do something); to be asked (to do something)
  3. (auxiliary) to be intended (to do something); to be meant (to be something)
  4. (auxiliary) to be said (to do something); reportedly; they say that; I hear that; so they say; rumor has it; supposedly.
    Es soll da viele Leute geben. — “They say that there are many people there.”
  5. (auxiliary, in a subordinate clause in the simple past tense) would; indicates that the subordinate clause indicates something that would happen in the past but after the time frame of the main clause
  6. (auxiliary, in a subordinate clause in the subjunctive) should; indicates that the subordinate clause indicates a hypothetical and unlikely condition for the main clause

Usage notesEdit

  • Müssen expresses absolute necessity to do something, whereas sollen expresses less of a requirement.

ConjugationEdit

When used as a modal auxiliary verb, the past participle is sollen.

VerbEdit

sollen (irregular, third-person singular simple present soll, past tense sollte, past participle gesollt, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive or intransitive) should do (something expressed or implied); to be asked to do (something); to be obligated to do (something); ought to do (something expressed or implied)
    Was sollen wir tun? — “What shall we do?”
    Soll ich? — “'Shall I?”
    Du hättest nicht gesollt'. — “You shouldn't have.”

ConjugationEdit

Usage notesEdit

  • Müssen expresses absolute necessity to do something, whereas sollen expresses less of a requirement.

External linksEdit


LuxembourgishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *skulaną.

VerbEdit

sollen

  1. to ought to, shall, should