See also: kėdė and ķēdē

Contents

LatvianEdit

 
Ķēde (1)
 
Sudraba ķēdes (2)
 
Kāju ķēde (3)

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

A borrowing from Middle Low German kede, or from Middle Dutch cede (cf. German Kette), themselves borrowings from Latin catena, ultimately from a Proto-Indo-European stem *kat-(to weave, to braid). This is an old borrowing, already mentioned in 17th-century sources, sometimes with a prothetic š (šķēde). The current form, without š, officially entered the standard language in the early 20th century.[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

ķēde f (5th declension)

  1. chain (sequence of interconnected, usually metal, rings or links)
    velosipēda ķēde‎ ― bicycle chain
    pulksteņa ķēde‎ ― clock chain
    enkura ķēde‎ ― anchor chain
    ķēdes posms, loceklis‎ ― chain link
    ķēžu dūriens‎ ― chain stitch
    piesiet zirgu ķēdē‎ ― to tie a horse with a chain (= tether)
  2. chain (a chain (1) made of precious metal, to be worn as an ornament)
    ķēde ar piekariņiem — chain with pendants
    sudraba ķēde‎ ― silver chain
  3. chain, fetters (to restrain prisoners)
    kāju ķēde‎ ― foot chain, fetters
  4. row, line of people at a certain distance from each other
    uzbrucēju ķēde‎ ― chain of attackers
    izvērsties ķēdē‎ ― to unfold (people) in a chain
  5. a series of elements following each other
    apsnigušu virsotņu ķēde‎ ― a chain of snowy peaks
    elektriskā ķēde‎ ― electric circuit (lit. chain)
  6. a sequence of events or facts
    notikumu ķēde‎ ― chain of events
    ķēdes reakcija‎ ― chain reaction

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “ķēde”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7