See also: kėdė and ķēdē



Ķēde (1)
Sudraba ķēdes (2)
Kāju ķēde (3)

Alternative formsEdit


A borrowing from Middle Low German kede, or from Middle Dutch cede (cf. German Kette), themselves borrowings from Latin catena, ultimately from a Proto-Indo-European stem *kat- ‎(to weave, to braid). This is an old borrowing, already mentioned in 17th-century sources, sometimes with a prothetic š (šķēde). The current form, without š, officially entered the standard language in the early 20th century.[1]




ķēde f (5th declension)

  1. chain (sequence of interconnected, usually metal, rings or links)
    velosipēda ķēde — bicycle chain
    pulksteņa ķēde — clock chain
    enkura ķēde — anchor chain
    ķēdes posms, loceklischain link
    ķēžu dūrienschain stitch
    piesiet zirgu ķēdē — to tie a horse with a chain (= tether)
  2. chain (a chain (1) made of precious metal, to be worn as an ornament)
    ķēde ar piekariņiem — chain with pendants
    sudraba ķēde — silver chain
  3. chain, fetters (to restrain prisoners)
    kāju ķēde — foot chain, fetters
  4. row, line of people at a certain distance from each other
    uzbrucēju ķēdechain of attackers
    izvērsties ķēdē — to unfold (people) in a chain
  5. a series of elements following each other
    apsnigušu virsotņu ķēde — a chain of snowy peaks
    elektriskā ķēde — electric circuit (lit. chain)
  6. a sequence of events or facts
    notikumu ķēdechain of events
    ķēdes reakcijachain reaction



  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “ķēde”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7
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