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See also: kėdė and ķēdē

Contents

LatvianEdit

 
Ķēde (1)
 
Sudraba ķēdes (2)
 
Kāju ķēde (3)

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Middle Low German kede, or from Middle Dutch cede (cf. German Kette), themselves borrowings from Latin catena, ultimately from a Proto-Indo-European stem *kat- (to weave, to braid). This is an old borrowing, already mentioned in 17th-century sources, sometimes with a prothetic š (šķēde). The current form, without š, officially entered the standard language in the early 20th century.[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

NounEdit

ķēde f (5th declension)

  1. chain (sequence of interconnected, usually metal, rings or links)
    velosipēda ķēdebicycle chain
    pulksteņa ķēdeclock chain
    enkura ķēdeanchor chain
    ķēdes posms, loceklischain link
    ķēžu dūrienschain stitch
    piesiet zirgu ķēdēto tie a horse with a chain (= tether)
  2. chain (a chain (1) made of precious metal, to be worn as an ornament)
    ķēde ar piekariņiem — chain with pendants
    sudraba ķēdesilver chain
  3. chain, fetters (to restrain prisoners)
    kāju ķēdefoot chain, fetters
  4. row, line of people at a certain distance from each other
    uzbrucēju ķēdechain of attackers
    izvērsties ķēdēto unfold (people) in a chain
  5. a series of elements following each other
    apsnigušu virsotņu ķēdea chain of snowy peaks
    elektriskā ķēdeelectric circuit (lit. chain)
  6. a sequence of events or facts
    notikumu ķēdechain of events
    ķēdes reakcijachain reaction

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “ķēde”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7