See also: Catena and catenă

English edit

 
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Etymology edit

From Medieval Latin catena, from Latin catēna (chain). Doublet of chain.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

catena (plural catenas or catenae)

  1. A series of related items.
    • 1873, Walter Bagehot, Lombard Street:
      And, on the contrary, there is a whole catena of authorities, beginning with Sir Robert Peel and ending with Mr. Lowe, which say that the Banking Department of the Bank of England is only a Bank like any other bank [...]
  2. (soil science) A series of distinct soils arrayed along a slope.
    • 2000, Ewan Anderson, Middle East: Geography and Geopolitics, Routledge, →ISBN, page 55:
      The changes in soil characteristics from the crest to the foot of a slope are together known as a catena.

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Translations edit

Anagrams edit

Interlingua edit

Noun edit

catena (plural catenas)

  1. chain

Italian edit

Etymology edit

From Latin catēna.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /kaˈte.na/
  • Rhymes: -ena
  • Hyphenation: ca‧té‧na
  • (file)

Noun edit

catena f (plural catene)

  1. chain
  2. bond, fetter; subordination, repression
  3. tie, cord, bond
  4. tether (a rope, cable etc. that holds something in place whilst allowing some movement)

Synonyms edit

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

  • catena in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Anagrams edit

Latin edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Italic *katesnā, further etymology unknown. Probably connected with caterva (crowd) and cassis (hunting-net).[1]

Pokorny derives catēna, caterva and cassis from Proto-Indo-European *kat- (to link or weave together; chain, net), with casa as another possible cognate.[2]

Martirosyan connects cassis and catēna with Old Armenian ցանց (cʿancʿ, casting-net) and derives all from a Mediterranean substrate.[3]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

catēna f (genitive catēnae); first declension

  1. chain

Declension edit

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative catēna catēnae
Genitive catēnae catēnārum
Dative catēnae catēnīs
Accusative catēnam catēnās
Ablative catēnā catēnīs
Vocative catēna catēnae

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

Borrowings

References edit

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 97, 98
  2. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume 2, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 534
  3. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2016), “Mediterranean substrate words in Armenian: two etymologies”, in Bjarne Simmelkjær Sandgaard Hansen, Benedicte Nielsen Whitehead, Thomas Olander & Birgit Anette Olsen, editors, Etymology and the European Lexicon. Proceedings of the 14th Fachtagung of the Indogermanische Gesellschaft, Copenhagen, 17-22 September 2012[1], Wiesbaden: Reichert Verlag, page 294

Further reading edit

  • catena”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • catena”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • catena in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • catena in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to put some one in irons, chains: in vincula, in catenas conicere aliquem
  • catena”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • catena”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Portuguese edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin catēna (chain). Doublet of cadeia.

Pronunciation edit

 

  • Hyphenation: ca‧te‧na

Noun edit

catena f (plural catenas)

  1. (geology) catena (series of distinct soils along a slope)