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Etymology 1Edit

 
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Late Latin prothesis, prosthesis, alteration (dropping the ‘s’) from Ancient Greek πρόσθεσις (prósthesis, addition, augmentation),[1][2][3] (English prosthesis) from προστίθημι (prostíthēmi, I add), from πρός (prós, towards) + τίθημι (títhēmi, I place), from Proto-Indo-European *próti, *préti + *dʰédʰeh₁- (to be putting, to be placing).

However, often confused for a descendant of the Ancient Greek word πρόθεσις (próthesis, a preposing, preposition) (without the σ (s)), which is instead the source of a different term – see alternative etymology, below.

NounEdit

prothesis (plural protheses)

  1. (phonology) The prepending of phonemes at the beginning of a word without changing its morphological structure, as in Spanish esfera from Latin sphaera (sphere) (expected form would be *sfera).
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Etymology 2Edit

 
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From Ancient Greek πρόθεσις (próthesis, a preposing), from προτίθημι (protíthēmi, I prepose), from πρό (pró, before) + τίθημι (títhēmi, I place), from Proto-Indo-European *pro + *dʰédʰeh₁- (to be putting, to be placing).

NounEdit

prothesis (plural protheses)

  1. a type of preparatory ceremony, part of the Divine Liturgy of the Eastern Orthodox Church

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Merriam-Webster: etymology of prosthesis
  2. ^ Merriam-Webster: etymology of prothesis
  3. ^ Λεξικό της κοινής νεοελληνικής, ed. Institute of Manolis Triantafyllidis (1998): "πρόθεση": etymology of Latin prothesis.

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