γυνή

Ancient GreekEdit

 
γυνὴ καλεῖται Σαπφὼ Λέσβου.

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Hellenic *gʷonā, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷḗn (woman). Cognates include Mycenaean Greek 𐀓𐀙𐀊 (ku-na-ja), Sanskrit ग्ना (gnā́), Sanskrit जनि (jáni), Old Armenian կին (kin), and Old English cwēn (English queen).

PronunciationEdit

 

NounEdit

γῠνή (gunḗf (genitive γῠναικός); third declension

  1. woman, female
    • 412 BCE, Euripides, Helen 329:
      Γυναῖκα γὰρ δὴ συμπονεῖν γυναικὶ χρή.
      Gunaîka gàr dḕ sumponeîn gunaikì khrḗ.
      A woman ought to help a woman.
    • Palladas :
      Πᾶσα γυνὴ χόλος ἐστὶν· ἔχει δ’ ἀγαθὰς δύο ὥρας, τὴν μίαν ἐν θαλάμῳ, τὴν μίαν ἐν θανάτῳ.
      Pâsa gunḕ khólos estìn; ékhei d’ agathàs dúo hṓras, tḕn mían en thalámōi, tḕn mían en thanátōi.
      Every woman is an annoyance. She has two good times: one in the bedroom, one in death.
  2. wife

InflectionEdit

AntonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Greek (Modern & varieties):
    • Greek: γυναίκα (gynaíka)
    • Tsakonian: γουναίκα

Further readingEdit