ἀνήρ

See also: ἁνήρ

Ancient GreekEdit

 
Ἀνὴρ Σωκράτης καλούμενος (Anḕr Sōkrátēs kaloúmenos) by Domenico Anderson (1854-1938).

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Hellenic *anḗr, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂nḗr. Cognates include Sanskrit नृ (nṛ́), नर (nára), and Old Irish nert.

PronunciationEdit

 

In Epic poetry, the ἀ usually scans as long in the arsis of a foot.

NounEdit

ᾰ̓νήρ (anḗrm (genitive ᾰ̓νδρός); third declension

  1. man (adult male)
  2. husband
  3. human being, as opposed to a god
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 1.544:
      τὴν δ’ ἠμείβετ’ ἔπειτα πατὴρ ἀνδρῶν τε θεῶν τε
      tḕn d’ ēmeíbet’ épeita patḕr andrôn te theôn te
      Then the father of men and gods [= Zeus] answered her
    • 522 BCE – 443 BCE, Pindar, Olympian Ode 6.10:
      ἀκίνδυνοι δ’ ἀρεταὶ
      οὔτε παρ’ ἀνδράσιν οὔτ’ ἐν ναυσὶ κοίλαις
      τίμιαι: πολλοὶ δὲ μέμνανται, καλὸν εἴ τι ποναθῇ.
      akíndunoi d’ aretaì
      oúte par’ andrásin oút’ en nausì koílais
      tímiai: polloì dè mémnantai, kalòn eí ti ponathêi.
      But excellence without danger is honored neither among men nor in hollow ships. But many people remember, if a fine thing is done with toil.

Usage notesEdit

The word ἀνήρ may form a crasis with the definite article, resulting in (ho) and ἀνήρ merging. The Attic crasis is ᾱ̔νήρ (hānḗr) and the Ionic crasis is ὡνήρ (hōnḗr).

InflectionEdit

AntonymsEdit

  • γυνή (gunḗ, woman, female, wife)

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Greek: άνδρας (ándras)
  • Mariupol Greek: а́ндра (ándra)

Further readingEdit