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See also: ἁνήρ


Ancient GreekEdit

Ἀνὴρ Σωκράτης καλούμενος. (Anḕr Sōkrátēs kaloúmenos.)


From Proto-Indo-European *h₂nḗr. Cognates include Sanskrit नर (nára) and Old Irish nert.


  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /a.nɛ̌ːr/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /aˈner/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /aˈnir/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /aˈnir/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /aˈnir/
  • In Epic poetry, the ἀ usually scans as long in the arsis of a foot.
  • NounEdit

    ᾰ̓νήρ (anḗrm (genitive ᾰ̓νδρός); third declension

    1. man (adult male)
    2. husband
    3. human being, as opposed to a god
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 1.544
        τὴν δ’ ἠμείβετ’ ἔπειτα πατὴρ ἀνδρῶν τε θεῶν τε
        tḕn d’ ēmeíbet’ épeita patḕr andrôn te theôn te
        Then the father of gods and men answered her
      • 522 BCE – 443 BCE, Pindar, Olympian Ode 6.10
        ἀκίνδυνοι δ’ ἀρεταὶ
        οὔτε παρ’ ἀνδράσιν οὔτ’ ἐν ναυσὶ κοίλαις
        τίμιαι: πολλοὶ δὲ μέμνανται, καλὸν εἴ τι ποναθῇ.
        akíndunoi d’ aretaì
        oúte par’ andrásin oút’ en nausì koílais
        tímiai: polloì dè mémnantai, kalòn eí ti ponathêi.
        But excellence without danger is honored neither among men nor in hollow ships. But many people remember, if a fine thing is done with toil.

    Usage notesEdit

    The word ἀνήρ may form a crasis with the definite article, resulting in (ho) and ἀνήρ merging. The Attic crasis is ᾱ̔νήρ (hānḗr) and the Ionic crasis is ὡνήρ (hōnḗr).



    • γυνή (gunḗ, woman, female, wife)

    Derived termsEdit

    Related termsEdit


    Further readingEdit