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Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Medieval verb of the 10th century in synchronic use with Ancient Greek κάθημαι (káthēmai, to sit, to sit down, to be idle).[1]

PronunciationEdit

 
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈka.θo.me/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈka.θo.me/
  • VerbEdit

    κάθομαι (káthomai)

    1. (Ancient Greek) —
    2. (Medieval Byzantine)
      1. sit or be at a place
      2. stay, reside, I am at a place
      3. remain at a place
      4. (miliatry) to camp
      5. to be at a state, condition of
        • 16th.17th century Θρῆνος τῶν τεσσάρων Πατριαρχείων. [Lament of the four Patriarchate] Ed: Karl Krumbacher.
          κάθομαι εἰς λύπηνkáthomai eis lúpēnI am sad (literally: I sit in sadness)
      6. associate with people
        • 12th century Σπανέας. [Spaneas] B.212. (didactic poem in the vernacular)
          ὅταν μέ φίλους κάθεσαι, μνήσκου τούς ἀποδήμους
          hótan mé phílous káthesai, mnḗskou toús apodḗmous
          when you are among friends, remember the ones absent (who are at far away places))
      7. to be occupied with
        • 12th century Σπανέας. [Spaneas] Α.45. (didactic poem in the vernacular)
          κάθου κι ἀνάγνωθέ τους
          káthou ki anágnōthé tous
          literally: sit and read to them
      8. I remain idle
        • 15th century Λεόντιος Mαχαιρᾶς [Leontios Machaeras], Ἐξήγησις τῆς γλυκείας χώρας Kύπρου... 36815. Ed. R.M. Dawkins, Recital concerning the sweet land of Cyprus entitled “Chronicle”, Oxford 1932
          νά κουρσεύγουν τό νησίν κι ἐμείς νά καθούμεθαν
          ná kourseúgoun tó nēsín ki emeís ná kathoúmethan
          they plunder the island and us; we ' re sitting idle

    Derived termsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ κάθομαι in Kriaras, Emmanuel. (n.d.) Επιτομή του Λεξικού της Μεσαιωνικής Ελληνικής Δημώδους Γραμματείας [Concise Dictionary of Medieval Vulgar Greek Literature (1100‑1669) Vols. I‑XIV.] (in Greek), Online edition

    GreekEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    [1] From Medieval Byzantine Greek κάθομαι (I stay, reside) from Ancient Greek κάθημαι (káthēmai, to sit, to sit down, to be idle).

    PronunciationEdit

    • IPA(key): /ˈkaθome/
    • Hyphenation: κά‧θο‧μαι

    VerbEdit

    κάθομαι (káthomai) deponent (simple past κάθισα, έκατσα)

    1. (at space) sit, sit down
      1. remain standing
        Synonyms: στέκομαι, στήνομαι
      2. stay, reside
    2. (of activity, state of mind)
      1. (+ να) to be occupied with
      2. remain idle, to be bored, doing nothing
      3. accept, be patient
    3. (of things) to retreat, to become sedimented
      Synonyms: καθιζάνω, κατακάθομαι
    4. (idiomatic) of less efficiency, worsened results
    5. (idiomatic) happened by fluke

    ConjugationEdit

    This verb needs an inflection-table template.

    SynonymsEdit

      See definitions

    Derived termsEdit

    Related termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ κάθομαι in Triantafyllides, Hidryma (1998) Λεξικό της κοινής νεοελληνικής [Dictionary of Standard Modern Greek]