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EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English retret, borrowed from Old French retrait or retret, from Latin retractus, from retraho. Doublet of retract.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɹəˈtɹiːt/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -iːt

NounEdit

retreat (plural retreats)

  1. The act of pulling back or withdrawing, as from something dangerous, or unpleasant.
    • Shakespeare
      In a retreat he outruns any lackey.
  2. The act of reversing direction and receding from a forward position.
  3. A peaceful, quiet place affording privacy or security.
    • 1891, Thomas Hardy, chapter IV, in Tess of the d’Urbervilles: A Pure Woman Faithfully Presented [...] In Three Volumes, volume I, London: James R[ipley] Osgood, McIlvaine and Co., [], OCLC 13623666, phase the first (The Maiden), pages 40–41:
      In a large bedroom upstairs, the window of which was thickly curtained with a great woollen shawl lately discarded by the landlady, Mrs. Rolliver, were gathered on this evening nearly a dozen persons, all seeking vinous bliss; all old inhabitants of the nearer end of Marlott, and frequenters of this retreat.
    • 1692, Roger L'Estrange, "Fable 100: An Old Man and a Lion", Fables of Aesop, page 115
      ... he built his son a house of pleasure, on purpose to keep him out of harm's way; and spared neither art nor cost to make it a delicious retreat.
    • Dryden
      That pleasing shade they sought, a soft retreat / From sudden April showers, a shelter from the heat.
  4. (rare and obsolete, euphemistic) A peaceful, quiet place in which to urinate and defecate: an outhouse; a lavatory.
  5. A period of retirement, seclusion, or solitude.
  6. A period of meditation, prayer or study.
  7. Withdrawal by military force from a dangerous position or from enemy attack.
  8. A signal for a military withdrawal.
  9. A bugle call or drumbeat signaling the lowering of the flag at sunset, as on a military base.
  10. A military ceremony to lower the flag.
  11. (chess) The move of a piece from a threatened position.
Related termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

retreat (third-person singular simple present retreats, present participle retreating, simple past and past participle retreated) (intransitive)

  1. To withdraw from a position, go back.
  2. (of a glacier) To shrink back due to generally warmer temperatures.
  3. To slope back.
    a retreating forehead
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

re- +‎ treat

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

retreat (third-person singular simple present retreats, present participle retreating, simple past and past participle retreated)

  1. (transitive) To treat or deal with (a topic) again or differently.
  2. (transitive) To apply treatment to (an injury, a surface, etc.) again

AnagramsEdit