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Ancient GreekEdit


Of unknown origin. Compare κρέξ (kréx, crane, crex) and κρίκος (kríkos, ring) (the different senses may well be of different origin).



κίρκος (kírkosm (genitive κίρκου); second declension

  1. type of hawk or falcon
  2. type of wolf
  3. circle, ring
  4. racecourse, circus
  5. type of stone
  6. Hesychius defines it as κωπηλάτης (kōpēlátēs, rower)
  7. Hesychius defines it as () τοῦ (toû) αἰγείρου (aigeírou) βλάστησις (blástēsis, that of the poplar sprout)




  • κίρκος in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • κίρκος in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • κίρκος in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • «κίρκος» in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • «κίρκος» in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.
  • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill