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Ancient GreekEdit


Of unknown origin. Compare κρέξ (kréx, crane, crex) and κρίκος (kríkos, ring) (the different senses may well be of different origin).


  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /kír.kos/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈkir.kos/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈkir.kos/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈcir.kos/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈcir.kos/
  • NounEdit

    κίρκος (kírkosm (genitive κίρκου); second declension

    1. type of hawk or falcon
    2. type of wolf
    3. circle, ring
    4. racecourse, circus
    5. type of stone
    6. (Hesychius) κωπηλάτης (kōpēlátēs, rower)
    7. (Hesychius) ἡ τοῦ αἰγείρου βλάστησις (hē toû aigeírou blástēsis, sprouting of the black poplar)



    Further readingEdit

    • κίρκος in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
    • κίρκος in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
    • κίρκος in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
    • κίρκος in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
    • κίρκος in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
    • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.
    • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill