Ancient GreekEdit


Of unknown origin. Compare κρέξ ‎(kréx, crane, crex) and κρίκος ‎(kríkos, ring) (the different senses may well be of different origin).



κίρκος ‎(kírkosm ‎(genitive κίρκου); second declension

  1. type of hawk or falcon
  2. type of wolf
  3. circle, ring
  4. racecourse, circus
  5. type of stone
  6. Hesychius defines it as κωπηλάτης ‎(kōpēlátēs, rower)
  7. Hesychius defines it as ‎() τοῦ ‎(toû) αἰγείρου ‎(aigeírou) βλάστησις ‎(blástēsis, that of the poplar sprout)




  • κίρκος in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • κίρκος in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • κίρκος in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • «κίρκος» in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • «κίρκος» in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English-Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.
  • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill