Open main menu

Wiktionary β

Contents

Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

Uncertain. Could be from a Proto-Indo-European *karkros, with cognates including Latin cancer, and possibly Sanskrit कर्कट (karkaṭa), although relationship with the latter is less certain. There are elements which point to a non-Indo-European origin, perhaps Pre-Greek.

PronunciationEdit

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /kar.kí.nos/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /karˈki.nos/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /karˈki.nos/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /karˈci.nos/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /karˈci.nos/
  • NounEdit

    καρκῐ́νος (karkínosm (genitive καρκῐ́νου); second declension

    1. crab
    2. Cancer, the zodiac sign
    3. sore, ulcer, cancer
    4. items which resemble a crab's pincers
      1. pair of pincers, a type of torture instrument
      2. temple bones
      3. type of shoe
      4. type of bandage
      5. pair of compasses
      6. still

    InflectionEdit

    SynonymsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    ReferencesEdit


    GreekEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Ancient Greek καρκίνος (karkínos, crab)

    NounEdit

    καρκίνος (karkínosm (plural καρκίνοι)

    1. (medicine) cancer (disease of uncontrolled cellular proliferation)
    2. crab
    3. (astronomy, astrology) Cancer

    DeclensionEdit

    SynonymsEdit

    Derived termsEdit