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λαβύρινθος

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Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

Unknown;[1] likely Pre-Greek (whence Mycenaean Greek 𐀅𐀢𐀪𐀵𐀍 (da-pu-ri-to-jo)). Possibly from Lydian 𐤩𐤠𐤡𐤭𐤧𐤳 (labrys, double-edged axe), a royal symbol, as λαβύρινθος (labúrinthos) supposedly originally referred to a Minoan palace on Crete.[2] See also λάβρυς (lábrus, axe) and λαύρα (laúra, lane, passage).

PronunciationEdit

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /la.bý.rin.tʰos/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /laˈby.rin.tʰos/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /laˈβy.rin.θos/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /laˈvy.rin.θos/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /laˈvi.rin.θos/
  • NounEdit

    λᾰβῠ́ρῐνθος (labúrinthosm (genitive λᾰβῠρῐ́νθου); second declension

    1. labyrinth, a building composed of numerous winding halls
    2. something obscure, inscrutable
    3. coil, tangle

    InflectionEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill
    2. ^ LABYRINTHUS in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

    GreekEdit

    NounEdit

    λαβύρινθος (lavýrinthosm (plural λαβύρινθοι)

    1. maze, labyrinth
    2. (anatomy) labyrinth (part of inner ear)

    DeclensionEdit