See also: háll, håll, Hall, häll, and Häll

English edit

Etymology edit

From Middle English halle, from Old English heall (hall, dwelling, house; palace, temple; law-court), from Proto-West Germanic *hallu, from Proto-Germanic *hallō (hall), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱel- (to hide, conceal).

Cognate with Scots hall, haw (hall), Dutch hal (hall), German Halle (hall), Norwegian hall (hall), Swedish hall (hall), Icelandic höll (palace), Latin cella (room, cell), Sanskrit शाला (śā́lā, house, mansion, hall). Doublet of cell.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

hall (plural halls)

  1. A corridor; a hallway.
    The drinking fountain was out in the hall.
  2. A large meeting room.
    The hotel had three halls for conferences, and two were in use by the convention.
  3. A manor house (originally because a magistrate's court was held in the hall of his mansion).
    The duke lived in a great hall overlooking the sea.
  4. A building providing student accommodation at a university.
    The student government hosted several social events so that students from different halls would intermingle.
  5. The principal room of a secular medieval building.
  6. (obsolete) Cleared passageway through a crowd, as for dancing.
    • 1633 (first performance), Ben Jonson, “A Tale of a Tub. A Comedy []”, in The Works of Beniamin Jonson, [] (Third Folio), London: [] Thomas Hodgkin, for H[enry] Herringman, E. Brewster, T. Bassett, R[ichard] Chiswell, M. Wotton, G. Conyers, published 1692, →OCLC, (please specify the act number in uppercase Roman numerals, and the scene number in lowercase Roman numerals):
      Then cry, a hall, a hall! Come, father Rosin, with your fiddle now.
  7. A place for special professional education, or for conferring professional degrees or licences.
    a Divinity Hall; Apothecaries' Hall
  8. (India) A living room.
  9. (Oxbridge) A college's canteen, which is often but not always coterminous with a traditional hall.
  10. (Oxbridge slang) A meal served and eaten at a college's hall.

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Greek: χολ (chol), χωλ (chol), χωλλ (choll)
  • Japanese: ホール (hōru)
  • Korean: (hol)
  • Russian: холл (xoll)

Translations edit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Albanian edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkishحال(hal, situation; grief).

Noun edit

hall m (plural halle) (colloquial)

  1. difficult situation, difficulty, trouble, misery, plight
    Synonyms: ngushticë, mundim, nevojë
  2. concern, vexing issue
    Synonym: shqetësim
Derived terms edit

Adverb edit

hall (colloquial)

  1. badly, wrongly
    Synonym: keq
    hall kështu, hall ashtu.(please add an English translation of this usage example)
References edit
  • “hall”, in FGJSSH: Fjalor i gjuhës së sotme shqipe [Dictionary of the modern Albanian language]‎[1] (in Albanian), 1980, page 643ab
  • Bufli, G.; Rocchi, L. (2021), “hall1”, in A historical-etymological dictionary of Turkisms in Albanian (1555–1954), Trieste: Edizioni Università di Trieste, page 184f.
  • Mann, S. E. (1948), “hall”, in An Historical Albanian–English Dictionary, London: Longmans, Green & Co., page 153a
  • Meyer, G. (1891), “hał”, in Etymologisches Wörterbuch der albanesischen Sprache [Etymological Dictionary of the Albanian Language] (in German), Strasbourg: Karl J. Trübner, →DOI, page 145
Further reading edit

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkishحل(hal, solution).

Noun edit

hall m (plural halle) (colloquial)

  1. solution, way out
    Synonyms: zgjidhje, rrugëdalje

References edit

  • “hall”, in FGJSSH: Fjalor i gjuhës së sotme shqipe [Dictionary of the modern Albanian language]‎[2] (in Albanian), 1980, page 643ab
  • Bufli, G.; Rocchi, L. (2021), “hall2”, in A historical-etymological dictionary of Turkisms in Albanian (1555–1954), Trieste: Edizioni Università di Trieste, page 185

Chinese edit

Etymology edit

From English hall.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

hall

  1. (Hong Kong Cantonese) assembly hall; auditorium
  2. (Hong Kong Cantonese) residence hall; dormitory

Danish edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English hall. Doublet of hal.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

hall c (singular definite hallen, plural indefinite haller)

  1. hall (a corridor or a hallway)

Inflection edit

East Central German edit

Etymology edit

Compare German hell.

Adjective edit

hall

  1. (Erzgebirgisch) clear, bright, light
    an hallrlichtrn Tooch
    in broad daylight (lit. at bright-light day)

Further reading edit

  • 2020 June 11, Hendrik Heidler, Hendrik Heidler's 400 Seiten: Echtes Erzgebirgisch: Wuu de Hasen Hoosn haaßn un de Hosen Huusn do sei mir drhamm: Das Original Wörterbuch: Ratgeber und Fundgrube der erzgebirgischen Mund- und Lebensart: Erzgebirgisch – Deutsch / Deutsch – Erzgebirgisch[3], 3. geänderte Auflage edition, Norderstedt: BoD – Books on Demand, →ISBN, →OCLC, page 57:

Estonian edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Finnic *halla.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈhɑlː/, [ˈ(h)ɑlː]

Noun edit

hall (genitive halla, partitive halla)

  1. frost
Declension edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-Finnic *halli (compare Finnish halli), from Balto-Slavic. Compare Latvian salnis, Lithuanian šalnis (off-white, roan).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈhɑlʲː/, [ˈ(h)ɑlʲː]

Adjective edit

hall (genitive halli, partitive halli, comparative hallim, superlative kõige hallim)

  1. grey (color)
Declension edit
Declension of hall (ÕS type 22e/riik, length gradation)
singular plural
nominative hall hallid
accusative nom.
gen. halli
genitive hallide
partitive halli halle
hallisid
illative halli
hallisse
hallidesse
hallesse
inessive hallis hallides
halles
elative hallist hallidest
hallest
allative hallile hallidele
hallele
adessive hallil hallidel
hallel
ablative hallilt hallidelt
hallelt
translative halliks hallideks
halleks
terminative hallini hallideni
essive hallina hallidena
abessive hallita hallideta
comitative halliga hallidega
Derived terms edit

See also edit

Colors in Estonian · värvid (layout · text)
     valge      hall      must
             punane; karmiinpunane              oranž; pruun              kollane; kreem
             laimiroheline, kollakasroheline              roheline              mündiroheline; tumeroheline
             tsüaansinine, rohekassinine; sinakasroheline, siniroheline              taevasinine, taevassinine              sinine
             lilla, violetne; potisinine, indigosinine              fuksia, magentapunane; lilla, purpurne, purpurpunane              roosa

Etymology 3 edit

German Halle.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈhɑlʲː/, [ˈ(h)ɑlʲː]

Noun edit

hall (genitive halli, partitive halli)

  1. hall (large room or building)
Declension edit
Declension of hall (ÕS type 22e/riik, length gradation)
singular plural
nominative hall hallid
accusative nom.
gen. halli
genitive hallide
partitive halli halle
hallisid
illative halli
hallisse
hallidesse
hallesse
inessive hallis hallides
halles
elative hallist hallidest
hallest
allative hallile hallidele
hallele
adessive hallil hallidel
hallel
ablative hallilt hallidelt
hallelt
translative halliks hallideks
halleks
terminative hallini hallideni
essive hallina hallidena
abessive hallita hallideta
comitative halliga hallidega

Further reading edit

French edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English hall.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

hall m (plural halls)

  1. hall
    • 2018 July 6, “Bonaparte”, in Elh Kmer (lyrics), Antidote:
      Les keufs barodent
      Parce qu’ils barodent, j’suis caché dans l’hall
      The pigs walk around
      And because they walk around I am hidden in the hall
  2. lobby

Further reading edit

German edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

hall

  1. singular imperative of hallen
  2. (colloquial) first-person singular present of hallen

Hungarian edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From the conflation[1] of Proto-Uralic *kontale- (compare Old Hungarian hadl (hear), Mansi хӯнтли (hūntli), Finnish kuunnella) and Proto-Uralic *kule- (compare Mansi хӯлуӈкве (hūluňkwe) and Finnish kuulla).

Verb edit

hall

  1. (intransitive) to hear (to perceive sounds through the ear)
  2. (transitive) to hear (to perceive with the ear)
    Hallottam egy hangot a szobából.I heard a sound from the room.
Usage notes edit

This verb is a member of one of those (few) quasi-homonymous verb pairs that exist both with and without an -ik ending. All (intransitive) suffixed forms of these pairs are identical (sometimes they can even have derived forms that coincide), with the exception of their dictionary form (the third-person singular indicative present, with or without -ik). However, the meaning of these pairs is usually distinct, sometimes unrelated. Examples include (fel)áldoz(le)áldozik, bánbánik, (meg)bíz(meg)bízik, érérik, esz (rare)eszik, hajolhajlik, (felül)múl(el)múlik, (hozzá)nyúlnyúlik, (el)vesz(el)veszik~(el)vész, and törtörik (along with their verbal prefixes), hallhallik (archaic), érezérzik (archaic), sometimes with some difference: (el)hibázhibádzik, (le)torkoltorkollik. Therefore one may well need to check the context and the arguments to ascertain which member of the verb pair is relevant.

Conjugation edit
Derived terms edit

(With verbal prefixes):

Expressions

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from German Halle.[2]

Noun edit

hall (plural hallok)

  1. middle-sized, windowless room, entryway, hallway (in a private flat/apartment, with a size not smaller than 8 m² [86 sq ft], with space for people, but without affording them privacy due to its being an entry to other rooms)[3][4][5][6][7][8]
    Synonym: előtér
    Coordinate terms: szoba, helyiség, félszoba, alkóv, gardrób, előszoba, hálószoba, nappali
  2. lobby, foyer, lounge (e.g. in a hotel or an opera house)
    Synonyms: társalgó, előcsarnok
Declension edit
Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative hall hallok
accusative hallt hallokat
dative hallnak halloknak
instrumental hallal hallokkal
causal-final hallért hallokért
translative hallá hallokká
terminative hallig hallokig
essive-formal hallként hallokként
essive-modal hallul hallokul
inessive hallban hallokban
superessive hallon hallokon
adessive hallnál halloknál
illative hallba hallokba
sublative hallra hallokra
allative hallhoz hallokhoz
elative hallból hallokból
delative hallról hallokról
ablative halltól halloktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
hallé halloké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
halléi hallokéi
Possessive forms of hall
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. hallom halljaim
2nd person sing. hallod halljaid
3rd person sing. hallja halljai
1st person plural hallunk halljaink
2nd person plural hallotok halljaitok
3rd person plural halljuk halljaik
Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ Entry #386 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Hungarian Research Centre for Linguistics.
  2. ^ Tótfalusi, István. Idegenszó-tár: Idegen szavak értelmező és etimológiai szótára (’A Storehouse of Foreign Words: an explanatory and etymological dictionary of foreign words’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2005. →ISBN
  3. ^ Az előszobát követő, a helyiségek előterét alkotó ablaktalan lakóhelyiség neve hall, melynek területe minimum 8 négyzetméter. Minden, amit tudni akartál a lakásokról…
  4. ^ Ablaktalan, 8-10 négyzetméternél nem kisebb helyiség, funkciója (…), hogy a belőle nyíló szobák külön bejáratát biztosítja. Nem tévesztendő össze az előszobával, mivel a hall nem feltétlenül a bejárati ajtó mögött helyezkedik el. Régi, polgári lakások gyakori elrendezése, hogy az előszobából rövid folyosó vezet a hallba. Ingatlanos kisszótár
  5. ^ Egy olyan ablaktalan helyiség, ahonnan ajtók nyílnak a többi szobába. (…) legalább 8‑10 négyzetméteres kell, hogy legyen, de (…) a panellakásokban ritkán érik el ezt a méretet. (…) olyan közlekedő, ami hasznosítható. Nem keverendő össze az előszobával, de legtöbbször az előszoba a hallba vezet. 20 ingatlanos kifejezés…
  6. ^ 'A legfőbb, minden kritikában visszaköszönő érv az volt, hogy a hallos lakás teljesen alkalmatlan gyermekes családok számára, mert nem teszi lehetővé a felnőttek és gyermekek, illetve ez utóbbiak esetében a lányok és fiúk egymástól elkülönített alvását. Az 1930-as évek új lakástípusa: a hallos lakás
  7. ^ <Városi típusú lakásokban> rendsz. a bejárat közelében levő, gyak. ablaktalan nagyobb helyiség, amelyből a többi helyiség nyílik, s amely az előszobával ellentétben tartózkodásra, vendégek fogadására is haszn. és lakható. From hall in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN, quoted below.
  8. ^ Lakásban (az előszoba után) a helyiségek előterét alkotó (ablaktalan) (lakó)helyiség. From hall in Pusztai, Ferenc (ed.). Magyar értelmező kéziszótár (’A Concise Explanatory Dictionary of Hungarian’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2003. 2nd, expanded and revised edition. →ISBN

Further reading edit

  • (to hear): hall in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • (entryway): hall in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Ludian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Finnic *halla, borrowed from Baltic. Cognates include Finnish halla.

Noun edit

hall

  1. frost

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse hǫll.

Noun edit

hall m (definite singular hallen, indefinite plural haller, definite plural hallene)

  1. a hall (a building or very large room)

Derived terms edit

References edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Norse hǫll. Akin to English hall.

Noun edit

hall m (definite singular hallen, indefinite plural hallar, definite plural hallane)
hall f (definite singular halla, indefinite plural haller, definite plural hallene)

  1. a hall (a building or very large room)
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Old Norse hallr.

Noun edit

hall n (definite singular hallet, indefinite plural hall, definite plural halla)

  1. a slope, sloping terrain
Derived terms edit

References edit

Portuguese edit

Etymology edit

Unadapted borrowing from English hall.

Pronunciation edit

 

Noun edit

hall m (plural halls)

  1. (architecture) lobby; entrance hall (room in a building used for entry from the outside)
    Synonyms: átrio, entrada

Derived terms edit

Romanian edit

Noun edit

hall n (plural halluri)

  1. Obsolete form of hol.

Declension edit

References edit

  • hall in Academia Română, Micul dicționar academic, ediția a II-a, Bucharest: Univers Enciclopedic, 2010. →ISBN

Spanish edit

Etymology edit

Unadapted borrowing from English hall.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

hall m (plural halls)

  1. hall, lobby, lounge

Usage notes edit

According to Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) prescriptions, unadapted foreign words should be written in italics in a text printed in roman type, and vice versa, and in quotation marks in a manuscript text or when italics are not available. In practice, this RAE prescription is not always followed.

Further reading edit

Swedish edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse hǫll, from Proto-Germanic *hallō, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱel-. Compare English hall. Related to Latin cella and English cellar.[1]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

hall c

  1. a hallway
  2. a lounge
  3. a corridor
  4. an entryway
  5. short for any of the words:

Usage notes edit

Most commonly refers to a small room just inside the front door of a residential building, where shoes and outerwear are taken off or put on.

Declension edit

Declension of hall 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative hall hallen hallar hallarna
Genitive halls hallens hallars hallarnas

References edit

  1. ^ hall in Elof Hellquist, Svensk etymologisk ordbok (1st ed., 1922)