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Ancient GreekEdit


From Proto-Indo-European *mey- (small). Cognates include Sanskrit मनाक् (manāk, a little), Old Armenian մանր (manr, scantily), Lithuanian meñkas (small, insignificant), Old Irish menb (small), Gothic 𐌼𐌹𐌽𐍃 (mins, less), Russian ме́нее (méneje) and Latin minuo (lessen), minus (less).

If the Proto-Hellenic form was *manwos, then the short ᾰ would be expected in Attic and the long ᾱ in Ionic; compare *ksénwos > Attic ξένος (xénos) and Ionic ξεῖνος (xeînos).


Attested with both short ᾰ and long ᾱ.

With a short vowel:


With a long vowel:



μᾱ̆νός (mānósm (feminine μᾱ̆νή, neuter μᾱ̆νόν); first/second declension

  1. porous
  2. few, scanty
    1. of things happening at intervals, not often
  3. rare, uncommon, sparse



Further readingEdit