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Ancient GreekEdit

first person pronoun (edit)
case singular dual plural
str. encl. str. str.
nominative ἐγώ νώ, νῶϊ ἡμεῖς
genitive ἐμοῦ μου νῷν ἡμῶν
dative ἐμοί μοι νῷν ἡμῖν
accusative ἐμέ με νώ, νῶϊ ἡμᾶς
adjective ἐμός ἡμέτερος

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *neh₃. Cognate with Avestan 𐬥𐬁(), Old Church Slavonic на (na), Sanskrit नौ (nau), Latin nōs.

PronunciationEdit

 

PronounEdit

νώ (nṓ)

  1. (first person dual personal pronoun) we two, both of us, us two
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 4.280–284:
      αὐτὰρ ἐγὼ καὶ Τυδεΐδης καὶ δῖος Ὀδυσσεὺς
      ἥμενοι ἐν μέσσοισιν ἀκούσαμεν, ὡς ἐβόησας.
      νῶϊ μὲν ἀμφοτέρω μενεήναμεν ὁρμηθέντες
      ἢ ἐξελθέμεναι ἢ ἔνδοθεν αἶψ' ὑπακοῦσαι·
      ἀλλ' Ὀδυσεὺς κατέρῡκε καὶ ἔσχεθεν ῑ̔εμένω περ.
      autàr egṑ kaì Tudeḯdēs kaì dîos Odusseùs
      hḗmenoi en méssoisin akoúsamen, hōs ebóēsas.
      nôï mèn amphotérō meneḗnamen hormēthéntes
      ḕ exelthémenai ḕ éndothen aîps' hupakoûsai;
      all' Oduseùs katérūke kaì éskhethen hīeménō per.
      [Menelaus talking to Helen:]
      But I and Tydides and divine Odysseus
      sat in the middle [of the Trojan horse] and heard [you] when you yelled.
      We were both eager and ready to
      get out or immediately answer from inside,
      but Odysseus restrained and checked us despite our eagerness.

Usage notesEdit

Singular and plural are ἐγώ (egṓ) and ἡμεῖς (hēmeîs).

InflectionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • ἐγώ in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • νώ in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • νώ in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • Herbert Weir Smyth & Gordon M. Messing, Greek Grammar, Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1956, p.90f.
  • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume II, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 1029