First attested in the mid 15th century. From Middle English accusative, and from Anglo-Norman accusatif, from Middle French acusatif or from Latin accūsātīvus (“of blaming”), from accūsō (“to blame”). Akin to accuse. The Latin form is a mistranslation of the Ancient Greek grammatical term αἰτιᾱτική (aitiātikḗ, “expressing an effect”). This term actually comes from αἰτιᾱτός (aitiātós, “caused”) + -ῐκός (-ikós, adjective suffix), but was reanalyzed as coming from αἰτιᾱ- (aitiā-), the stem of the verb αἰτιάομαι (aitiáomai, “to blame”), + -τῐκός (-tikós, verbal adjective suffix).
- (UK) IPA(key): /əˈkjuːzətɪv/
- (US) IPA(key): /əˈkjuzətɪv/
- Hyphenation: ac‧cusa‧tive
Audio (US) (file)
- Producing accusations; accusatory; accusatorial; in a manner that reflects a finding of fault or blame
- This hath been a very accusative age — Sir E. Dering
- (grammar) Applied to the case (as the fourth case of Latin, Lithuanian and Greek nouns) which expresses the immediate object on which the action or influence of a transitive verb has its limited influence. Other parts of speech, including secondary or predicate direct objects, will also influence a sentence’s construction. In German the case used for direct objects.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
accusative (plural accusatives)
- (grammar) The accusative case.