Sanskrit edit

Alternative scripts edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *nas (us), from Proto-Indo-European *nos (us). Cognate with Avestan 𐬥𐬇 (nə̄), Latin nos.

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

नस् (nas)

  1. (poetic) accusative plural of अहम् (ahám)
    Synonym: अस्मान् (asmā́n)
  2. (poetic) dative plural of अहम् (ahám)
    Synonym: अस्मभ्यम् (asmábhyam)
  3. (poetic) genitive plural of अहम् (ahám)
    Synonym: अस्माकम् (asmā́kam)
Usage notes edit

In Vedic Sanskrit, the term is optionally rendered as णस् (ṇas) when it occurs after /r/ or /ṣ/.

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *nHás, from Proto-Indo-European *nh₂és (nose). Cognate with Old Persian 𐎴𐎠𐏃𐎶 (n-a-h-m /⁠nāham⁠/), Latin nāsus (nose), Lithuanian nósis (nose), Prasuni nes, Tregami nās, Old English nosu (whence English nose).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

नस् (nás) stemf

  1. the nose, snout
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda
    • c. 1200 BCE – 1000 BCE, Atharvaveda 2.27.2:
      सुपर्णस्त्वान्वविन्दत्सूकरस्त्वाखनन् नसा
      प्राशं प्रतिप्राशो जह्यरसान् कृण्वोषधे ॥
      suparṇastvānvavindatsūkarastvākhanan nasā .
      prāśaṃ pratiprāśo jahyarasān kṛṇvoṣadhe .
      The strong-winged bird discovered thee, the boar unearthed thee with his snout.
      Refute mine adversary's speech. Render them dull and flat, O Plant.
Declension edit
Derived terms edit

Etymology 3 edit

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *nás-, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *nás- (to approach, join), from Proto-Indo-European *nes- (to return home); compare Ancient Greek νόστος (nóstos, journey), whence partially English nostalgia.

Root edit

नस् (nas)

  1. to approach, resort to, join, copulate (esp. as husband and wife), unite
  2. to be crooked or fraudulent
Derived terms edit

References edit

  • Monier Williams (1899), “नस्”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, →OCLC, page 532/2.
  • William Dwight Whitney, 1885, The Roots, Verb-forms, and Primary Derivatives of the Sanskrit Language, Leipzig: Breitkopf and Härtel, page 89
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1996) Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan]‎[1] (in German), volume 2, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, pages 30-1